images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Zoroastrianism

Zoroastrianism, or Mazdayasna, is one of the world's oldest religions that remains active. It is a monotheistic faith (i.e. a single creator god), centered in a dualistic cosmology of good and evil and an eschatology predicting the ultimate destruction of evil. Ascribed to the teachings of the Iranian-speaking prophet Zoroaster (also known as Zarathustra), it exalts a deity of wisdom, Ahura Mazda (Wise Lord), as its Supreme Being. Major features of Zoroastrianism, such as messianism, judgment after death, heaven and hell, and free will have influenced other religious systems, including Second Temple Judaism, Gnosticism, Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism.

With possible roots dating back to the second millennium BCE, Zoroastrianism enters recorded history in the 5th-century BCE. Along with a Mithraic Median prototype and a Zurvanist Sassanid successor, it served as the state religion of the pre-Islamic Iranian empires for more than a millennium, from around 600 BCE to 650 CE. Zoroastrianism was suppressed from the 7th century onwards following the Muslim conquest of Persia of 633–654. Recent estimates place the current number of Zoroastrians at around 190,000, with most living in India and in Iran; their number is declining. In 2015, there were reports of up to 100,000 converts in Iraqi Kurdistan. Besides the Zoroastrian diaspora, the older Mithraic faith Yazdânism is still practised amongst Kurds.

The most important texts of the religion are those of the Avesta, which includes the writings of Zoroaster known as the Gathas, enigmatic poems that define the religion's precepts, and the Yasna, the scripture. The full name by which Zoroaster addressed the deity is: Ahura, The Lord Creator, and Mazda, Supremely Wise. The religious philosophy of Zoroaster divided the early Iranian gods of Proto-Indo-Iranian tradition, but focused on responsibility, and did not create a devil per se. Zoroaster proclaimed that there is only one God, the singularly creative and sustaining force of the Universe, and that human beings are given a right of choice. Because of cause and effect, they are responsible for the consequences of their choices. The contesting force to Ahura Mazda was called Angra Mainyu, or angry spirit. Post-Zoroastrian scripture introduced the concept of Ahriman, the Devil, which was effectively a personification of Angra Mainyu.

Zoroastrianism's creator Ahura Mazda, through the Spenta Mainyu (Good Spirit, "Bounteous Immortals") is an all-good "father" of Asha (Truth, "order, justice"), in opposition to Druj ("falsehood, deceit") and no evil originates from "him". "He" and his works are evident to humanity through the six primary Amesha Spentas and the host of other Yazatas, through whom worship of Mazda is ultimately directed. Spenta Mainyu adjoined unto "truth", oppose the Spirit's opposite, Angra Mainyu and its forces born of Akəm Manah ("evil thinking").

Zoroastrianism has no major theological divisions, though it is not uniform; modern-era influences having a significant impact on individual and local beliefs, practices, values and vocabulary, sometimes merging with tradition and in other cases displacing it. In Zoroastrianism, the purpose in life is to "be among those who renew the world...to make the world progress towards perfection". Its basic maxims include:

  • Humata, Hukhta, Huvarshta, which mean: Good Thoughts, Good Words, Good Deeds.
  • There is only one path and that is the path of Truth.
  • Do the right thing because it is the right thing to do, and then all beneficial rewards will come to you also.


Source: Zoroastrianism
Sylvester Stallone
Simon Cowell
List of Game of Thrones characters
IPhone
Idi Amin
Amber Rose
Hungary
Mindhunter (TV series)
Suicide
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
United Kingdom general election, 2017
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Holly Hunter
David Attenborough
Lucy Liu
Bahá'í Faith
Tinder (app)
Empire (2015 TV series)
Nikolaj Coster-Waldau
Provinces and territories of Canada
John Locke
List of Vikings episodes
Andre Agassi
Juventus F.C.
Seattle
Polyamory
Mariana Trench
Tom Cruise
Steven Seagal
Banana
The Hobbit (film series)
Central Intelligence Agency
Mersal (film)
Vietnam
Rebecca Hall
Outlook.com
Hydrogen peroxide
Chris Rock
Frank Ocean
Alice Cooper
Collateral Beauty
The Big Short (film)
Premier League
Florence Foster Jenkins
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Jenna Fischer
Hulk Hogan
Jackie (2016 film)
List of The Blacklist episodes
Super Bowl 50
Fridtjof Nansen
Mark Zuckerberg
Jimi Hendrix
2014 FIFA World Cup
Earthquake
Hailee Steinfeld
Andy Milonakis
Golden Retriever
Nicole Scherzinger
Daniel Day-Lewis
Orlando Bloom
Nanking Massacre
Asia Argento
South Park
Southeast Asia
United States Bill of Rights
Non-penetrative sex
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
Sid Vicious
List of Supernatural episodes
Kyle MacLachlan
Snapchat
Nero
Tom Holland (actor)
Mac Miller
Sasha Banks
Titanic (1997 film)
Christie Brinkley
Eli Manning
Mileva Maric
Vlad the Impaler
Will & Grace
Netherlands
Aubrey Plaza
Edmund Kemper
James Corden
American Horror Story: Cult
Dele Alli
Wales
Benito Mussolini
Randy Moss
Amazon.com
Christopher Darden
Turmeric
William Wallace
The Rolling Stones
Fibromyalgia
Krishna
Halle Berry
Once Upon a Time (TV series)
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Colony (TV series)
Columbine High School massacre
Robert Duvall
Gender
Saoirse Ronan
Alfred Hitchcock
Brigitte Macron
Goodfellas
Carlos Slim
Dalai Lama
Xbox One
TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs (2017)
Trap music
Dodi Fayed
Margaret Atwood
Evangeline Lilly
Ann-Margret
Oxygen
Josh Gad
Jainism
Jennifer Connelly
Tommy Lee Jones
Mukesh Ambani
Stockholm syndrome
Cities and towns during the Syrian Civil War
2 Broke Girls
Xiaomi
It (2017 film)
Ray Liotta
Kat Dennings
Dick Van Dyke
First Amendment to the United States Constitution
Brunei
Chris Paul
Star Trek: The Next Generation
Prison Break (season 5)
Master of None
Paul Hogan
Chess
Black Sails (TV series)
List of Super Bowl champions
MasterChef Australia (series 9)
Bairavaa
Zaha Hadid
John D. Rockefeller
The New York Times
Elizabeth of York
Percy Fawcett
The Comedian (2016 film)
Pineal gland
US Airways Flight 1549
William III of England
List of trigonometric identities
Marilyn Monroe
Andrew Garfield
Krysten Ritter
Jensen Ackles
Katherine Johnson
Asia
Ex Machina (film)
United States
Rotten Tomatoes
List of Star Wars Rebels episodes
The Sixth Sense
Vasyl Lomachenko
Matt Ryan (American football)
Jamie Dornan
List of Australian stand-up comedians
Eliza Dushku
Chelsea F.C.
Egypt
Luxembourg
Holly Holm
Battle of Mosul (2016–17)
Kathy Bates
Janet Jackson
John Belushi
Mumbai
Basketball
Blood type
BTS (band)
Katheryn Winnick
Taxonomy (biology)
Taylor Swift
Bill Clinton
Volkswagen Group
Chris Martin
Disha Patani
George Washington
Anne Heche
The Voice (U.S. TV series)
John Heard (actor)
Alan Rickman
Immanuel Kant
A
Sherlock Holmes
Adam West
Democratic Unionist Party
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development