images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Vladimir Lenin

Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (22 April 1870 – 21 January 1924), better known by the alias Lenin, was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924. Under his administration, Russia and then the wider Soviet Union became a one-party communist state governed by the Russian Communist Party. Ideologically a communist, he developed a variant of Marxism known as Leninism; his ideas were posthumously codified as Marxism-Leninism.

Born to a moderately prosperous middle-class family in Simbirsk, Lenin embraced revolutionary socialist politics following his brother's 1887 execution. Expelled from Kazan Imperial University for participating in protests against the Russian Empire's Tsarist government, he devoted the following years to a law degree. He moved to Saint Petersburg in 1893 and became a senior Marxist activist. In 1897, he was arrested for sedition and exiled to Shushenskoye for three years, where he married Nadezhda Krupskaya. After his exile, he moved to Western Europe, where he became a prominent theorist in the Marxist Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP). In 1903, he took a key role in a RSDLP ideological split, leading the Bolshevik faction against Julius Martov's Mensheviks. Encouraging insurrection during Russia's failed Revolution of 1905, he later campaigned for the First World War to be transformed into a Europe-wide proletarian revolution, which as a Marxist he believed would cause the overthrow of capitalism and its replacement with socialism. After the 1917 February Revolution ousted the Tsar and established a Provisional Government, he returned to Russia to play a leading role in the October Revolution, in which the Bolsheviks overthrew the new regime.

Lenin's Bolshevik government initially shared power with the Left Socialist Revolutionaries, elected soviets, and a multi-party Constituent Assembly, although by 1918 it had centralised power in the new Communist Party. Lenin's administration redistributed land among the peasantry and nationalised banks and large-scale industry. It withdrew from the First World War by signing a treaty with the Central Powers and promoted world revolution through the Communist International. Opponents were suppressed in the Red Terror, a violent campaign administered by the state security services; tens of thousands were killed or interned in concentration camps. His administration defeated right and left-wing anti-Bolshevik armies in the Russian Civil War from 1917 to 1922 and oversaw the Polish–Soviet War of 1919–1921. Responding to wartime devastation, famine, and popular uprisings, in 1921 Lenin encouraged economic growth through the market-oriented New Economic Policy. Several non-Russian nations secured independence after 1917, but three re-united with Russia through the formation of the Soviet Union in 1922. In increasingly poor health, Lenin died at his dacha in Gorki, with Joseph Stalin succeeding him as the pre-eminent figure in the Soviet government.

Widely considered one of the most significant and influential figures of the 20th century, Lenin was the posthumous subject of a pervasive personality cult within the Soviet Union until its dissolution in 1991. He became an ideological figurehead behind Marxism–Leninism and thus a prominent influence over the international communist movement. A controversial and highly divisive individual, Lenin is viewed by supporters as a champion of socialism and the working class, while critics on both the left and right emphasize his role as founder and leader of an authoritarian regime responsible for political repression and mass killings.



Source: Vladimir Lenin
DC Extended Universe
California
Federal Bureau of Investigation
Paris Hilton
Salem witch trials
Bowling Green massacre
Teresa Palmer
Tim Tebow
Ryan Phillippe
Maurice Gibb
Billie Jean King
Caliban (comics)
Johnny Cash
Christopher Walken
T.I.
Ukraine
Michael Phelps
Jada Pinkett Smith
Kim Kardashian
List of amendments to the United States Constitution
Friedrich Nietzsche
The Boss Baby
Alexis Sánchez
Benito Mussolini
Zaira Wasim
David Berkowitz
Gladiator (2000 film)
Dakota Fanning
Battle of Okinawa
Triple H
Victor Hugo
ASAP Rocky
Sex and the City
Feud (TV series)
United States Constitution
Richard Nixon
Representational state transfer
Battle of Gettysburg
Application programming interface
List of Grey's Anatomy episodes
Vikings
14th Dalai Lama
Frozen (2013 film)
Kevin Costner
Java (programming language)
Natalie Dormer
Alfred Hitchcock
Thomas Jefferson
America's Got Talent
Russell Brand
Anne Heche
American Horror Story
Pauley Perrette
Fellatio
Moana (2016 film)
Steve Harvey
Chelsea F.C.
The X Factor (UK TV series)
Sunny Leone
Ted Danson
History of bitcoin
Norse mythology
Joan Crawford
Coca-Cola
Laura Dern
Middle East
2017 Atlantic hurricane season
Grey's Anatomy
Once Upon a Time (season 6)
Twitter
David Boreanaz
Babe Ruth
Sean Astin
O. J. Simpson murder case
The Blacklist (season 4)
The Kapil Sharma Show
Elizabeth Hurley
Lil Peep
Eric Clapton
The Ring (2002 film)
Don Johnson
Mercedes-Benz
Luxembourg
Rogue One
Harvard University
Spectre (2015 film)
Detroit
LP (singer)
List of serial killers by number of victims
The Three Musketeers
Renée Zellweger
Marla Maples
Zack Snyder
Ejaculation
Empire State Building
Bookmark
List of solar eclipses visible from the United States
Christina Ricci
Charlie Puth
MasterChef Australia (series 9)
Avengers: Age of Ultron
Colleen Wing
Ousmane Dembélé
2 Girls 1 Cup
Vegas Golden Knights
Mandy Patinkin
Dylan O'Brien
Fuller House (TV series)
Kazakhstan
Anushka Sharma
H. P. Lovecraft
Pacific Rim: Uprising
Conan O'Brien
New Zealand
NCIS: Los Angeles
Maldives
Trevor Noah
Tubelight (film)
Jimmy Fallon
Bloodline (TV series)
Andy Gibb
Daylight saving time
Luke Cage
List of most popular websites
Marvel Comics
The Incredible Hulk (film)
The Walt Disney Company
President of the United States
HTTP 404
Lana Del Rey
John McCain
Steven Seagal
Null
Emoji
Larry Page
Meg Ryan
The Last Supper (Leonardo da Vinci)
Proxy server
Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl
Cortisol
Wallis Simpson
Christopher Lee
Constitution of India
Battleground (2017)
IBM
Keerthy Suresh
List of Australian stand-up comedians
Creed (film)
Korean War
Kylie Minogue
Leah Remini
Grey's Anatomy (season 14)
Haiti
Ice-T
John Forbes Nash Jr.
Aliens (film)
Weight class (boxing)
Tokyo
Katherine Waterston
U.S. state
Kate Upton
Test data
Taapsee Pannu
Dragon Ball Super
Eddie Fisher (singer)
Aluminium
Bernie Mac
Cock ring
Larry Bird
Nelson Mandela
Scotch pie
Apple Inc.
The Founder
RuPaul's Drag Race
Deadpool
Russian Revolution
Brandi Love
January Jones
Commonwealth of Nations
Christie Brinkley
Halsey (singer)
Hirohito
Seth Rogen
Salman Khan
The Good Doctor (TV series)
Scotland
Young Thug
Jacqueline Fernandez
International Phonetic Alphabet
NATO
Massachusetts
Chicago Fire (TV series)
Mileva Maric
Grand Slam (tennis)
Michael Bisping
Guy Ritchie
Python (programming language)
Ana de Armas
Escitalopram
Don Rickles
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development