images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901. The era followed the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period, and its later half overlaps with the first part of the Belle Époque era of Continental Europe. In terms of moral sensibilities and political reforms, this period began with the passage of the Reform Act 1832. There was a strong religious drive for higher moral standards led by the nonconformist churches, such as the Methodists, and the Evangelical wing of the established Church of England. Britain's relations with the other Great Powers were driven by the colonial antagonism of the Great Game with Russia, climaxing during the Crimean War; a Pax Britannica of international free trade was maintained by the country's naval and industrial supremacy. Britain embarked on global imperial expansion, particularly in Asia and Africa, which made the British Empire the largest empire in history. National self-confidence peaked.

Ideologically, the Victorian era witnessed resistance to the rationalism that defined the Georgian period and an increasing turn towards romanticism and even mysticism with regard to religion, social values, and arts.

Domestically, the political agenda was increasingly liberal, with a number of shifts in the direction of gradual political reform, social reform, and the widening of the franchise. There were unprecedented demographic changes: the population of England and Wales almost doubled from 16.8 million in 1851 to 30.5 million in 1901, and Scotland's population also rose rapidly, from 2.8 million in 1851 to 4.4 million in 1901. However, Ireland's population decreased sharply, from 8.2 million in 1841 to less than 4.5 million in 1901, mostly due to emigration and the Great Famine. Between 1837 and 1901 about 15 million emigrated from Great Britain, mostly to the United States, Canada, South Africa, New Zealand, and Australia.

The two main political parties during the era remained the Whigs/Liberals and the Conservatives; by its end, the Labour Party had formed as a distinct political entity. These parties were led by such prominent statesmen as Lord Melbourne, Sir Robert Peel, Lord Derby, Lord Palmerston, Benjamin Disraeli, William Gladstone, and Lord Salisbury. The unsolved problems relating to Irish Home Rule played a great part in politics in the later Victorian era, particularly in view of Gladstone's determination to achieve a political settlement in Ireland.



Source: Victorian era
Game of Thrones (season 1)
Christopher Hitchens
Sarah Huckabee Sanders
UFC 219
George V
Finland
Harrison Ford
USB
Diane Kruger
List of Harry Potter characters
Better Call Saul
Mulholland Drive (film)
Pedro Pascal
Jamie Dornan
Measles
Atomic Blonde
The Big Bang Theory (season 10)
Iron Fist (comics)
Copper
Bohemian Rhapsody
Dustin Hoffman
Anthony Bourdain
Lena Headey
Tim Allen
Woody Harrelson
List of James Bond films
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
The Good Doctor (TV series)
Joe Keery
List of highest-grossing Indian films
PayPal
Kingdom of Prussia
Mercedes-Benz
Leonardo DiCaprio
Augustus
List of Blindspot episodes
Tom Hanks
Orgasm
Great Lakes
Finding Dory
Christoph Waltz
Doris Day
Tommy Chong
Cobie Smulders
La Liga
XXx: Return of Xander Cage
Josh Brolin
Turmeric
Pulmonary embolism
Yuvraj Singh
Angola
Sean Astin
Resident Evil
Asia
Gibraltar
Need for Speed
Denmark
Prohibition in the United States
Pussy
AK-47
Fred Rogers
Kennedy family
Baahubali 2: The Conclusion
Helen Mirren
Dave Grohl
Bermuda
Cape Verde
Lady Jane Grey
Jude Law
Nelson Mandela
Menstrual cycle
Bella Thorne
Mel Brooks
David Tennant
Olympic Games
Home Alone
Tom Jones (singer)
Outlook.com
Alan Alda
Penis
C (programming language)
Band of Brothers (miniseries)
Nashville (2012 TV series)
Dove Cameron
Dele Alli
Pink Floyd
Dolly Parton
Liam Hemsworth
Carolina Reaper
Jay-Z
Johanna Konta
Sharon Stone
Gugu Mbatha-Raw
BDSM
Ruth Negga
President of the United States
Billboard Hot 100
List of serial killers by number of victims
Komodo dragon
Al Gore
Colony (TV series)
Emilio Estevez
Aaron Hernandez
Jenna Jameson
Regression testing
British Raj
Chris Jericho
Olivia Wilde
Nicole Kidman
Stephen Hawking
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice
Aaron Carter
Juliette Lewis
The Martian (film)
Jennifer Esposito
James Baldwin
Taylor Lautner
One Piece
List of most expensive association football transfers
Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. (season 4)
Aditi Rao Hydari
Netflix
Crystal Hefner
Capital punishment
Ivanka Trump
Annabelle Wallis
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Christina Ricci
New England
NCIS (TV series)
Maria Sharapova
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Denuvo
Rosemary Clooney
List of countries by past and future GDP (nominal) per capita
Willie Nelson
Liv Tyler
Nokia
Moana (2016 film)
Wright brothers
Bollywood
Frankenstein
Vienna
Anne of Green Gables
Game of Thrones (season 5)
Neil Young
Riley Reid
Elementary (TV series)
Rage Against the Machine
Peter Sarsgaard
E-commerce
How to Get Away with Murder
Jeepers Creepers 3
Adolf Hitler
Daniel Cormier
Hurricane Sandy
Henry VIII of England
Edmund Kemper
Dalai Lama
HDMI
A Series of Unfortunate Events (TV series)
Zootopia
MasterChef Australia (series 9)
Pennsylvania
Sarah, Duchess of York
Sergio GarcĂ­a
Pope John Paul II
The Big Short (film)
Hillary Clinton
Elizabeth Smart
Casey Affleck
Luke Cage (TV series)
Sam Smith (singer)
The Walking Dead (season 8)
George IV of the United Kingdom
Pornographic film actor
Queen Latifah
King Arthur: Legend of the Sword
Rooting (Android OS)
Suriya
Calista Flockhart
Danny Trejo
Pit bull
Meg Johnson (poet)
Tramadol
Kaitlin Olson
Denial-of-service attack
List of Canadian stand-up comedians
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
Game of Thrones (season 4)
The Handmaid's Tale (TV series)
Blue Bloods (TV series)
Hindi Medium (film)
Sun
James Harden
Dunkirk (2017 film)
Gong Yoo
Kapoor family
BTS (band)
Scientology and celebrities
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development