images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Venezuela

Venezuela ( (listen) VEN-ə-ZWAYL; American Spanish: [beneˈswela]), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi). The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana. With this last country, the Venezuelan government maintains a claim for Guayana Esequiba over an area of 159,542 km2 (61,600 sq mi). For its maritime areas, it exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km2 (27,527 sq mi) of territorial waters, 22,224 km2 (8,581 sq mi) in its contiguous zone, 471,507 km2 (182,050 sq mi) of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean under the concept of exclusive economic zone, and 99,889 km2 (38,567 sq mi) of continental shelf. This marine area borders those of 13 states. The country has extremely high biodiversity and is ranked seventh in the world's list of nations with the most number of species. There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.

The territory now known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples. In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. It gained full independence as a country in 1830. During the 19th century, Venezuela suffered political turmoil and autocracy, remaining dominated by regional caudillos (military strongmen) until the mid-20th century. Since 1958, the country has had a series of democratic governments. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993. A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former coup-involved career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution. The revolution began with a 1999 Constituent Assembly, where a new Constitution of Venezuela was written. This new constitution officially changed the name of the country to Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela).

The sovereign state is a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District (covering Caracas), and federal dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands). Venezuela also claims all Guyanese territory west of the Essequibo River, a 159,500-square-kilometre (61,583 sq mi) tract dubbed Guayana Esequiba or the Zona en Reclamación (the "zone under dispute"). Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital (Caracas) which is also the largest city in Venezuela.

Oil was discovered in the early 20th century, and today, Venezuela has the world's largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil. Previously, the country was an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, but oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues. The 1980s oil glut led to an external debt crisis and a long-running economic crisis. Inflation peaked at 100% in 1996 and poverty rates rose to 66% in 1995 as (by 1998) per capita GDP fell to the same level as 1963, down a third from its 1978 peak. The recovery of oil prices in the early 2000s gave Venezuela oil funds not seen since the 1980s. The Venezuelan government under Hugo Chavez then established populist social welfare policies that initially boosted the Venezuelan economy and increased social spending, temporarily reducing economic inequality and poverty in the early years of the regime. However, such populist policies later became inadequate, causing the nation's collapse as their excesses—including a uniquely extreme fossil fuel subsidy—are widely blamed for destabilizing the nation's economy. The destabilized economy led to a crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela, resulting in hyperinflation, an economic depression, shortages of basic goods and drastic increases in unemployment, poverty, disease, child mortality, malnutrition and crime. By 2017, Venezuela was declared to be in default regarding debt payments by credit rating agencies. In 2018, the country's economic policies led to extreme hyperinflation, with estimates expecting an inflation rate of 1,370,000% by the end of the year. Venezuela is a charter member of the UN, OAS, UNASUR, ALBA, Mercosur, LAIA and OEI.



Source: Venezuela
Sylvester Stallone
Simon Cowell
List of Game of Thrones characters
IPhone
Idi Amin
Amber Rose
Hungary
Mindhunter (TV series)
Suicide
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
United Kingdom general election, 2017
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Ruth Bader Ginsburg
Holly Hunter
David Attenborough
Lucy Liu
Bahá'í Faith
Tinder (app)
Empire (2015 TV series)
Nikolaj Coster-Waldau
Provinces and territories of Canada
John Locke
List of Vikings episodes
Andre Agassi
Juventus F.C.
Seattle
Polyamory
Mariana Trench
Tom Cruise
Steven Seagal
Banana
The Hobbit (film series)
Central Intelligence Agency
Mersal (film)
Vietnam
Rebecca Hall
Outlook.com
Hydrogen peroxide
Chris Rock
Frank Ocean
Alice Cooper
Collateral Beauty
The Big Short (film)
Premier League
Florence Foster Jenkins
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Jenna Fischer
Hulk Hogan
Jackie (2016 film)
List of The Blacklist episodes
Super Bowl 50
Fridtjof Nansen
Mark Zuckerberg
Jimi Hendrix
2014 FIFA World Cup
Earthquake
Hailee Steinfeld
Andy Milonakis
Golden Retriever
Nicole Scherzinger
Daniel Day-Lewis
Orlando Bloom
Nanking Massacre
Asia Argento
South Park
Southeast Asia
United States Bill of Rights
Non-penetrative sex
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
Sid Vicious
List of Supernatural episodes
Kyle MacLachlan
Snapchat
Nero
Tom Holland (actor)
Mac Miller
Sasha Banks
Titanic (1997 film)
Christie Brinkley
Eli Manning
Mileva Maric
Vlad the Impaler
Will & Grace
Netherlands
Aubrey Plaza
Edmund Kemper
James Corden
American Horror Story: Cult
Dele Alli
Wales
Benito Mussolini
Randy Moss
Amazon.com
Christopher Darden
Turmeric
William Wallace
The Rolling Stones
Fibromyalgia
Krishna
Halle Berry
Once Upon a Time (TV series)
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Colony (TV series)
Columbine High School massacre
Robert Duvall
Gender
Saoirse Ronan
Alfred Hitchcock
Brigitte Macron
Goodfellas
Carlos Slim
Dalai Lama
Xbox One
TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs (2017)
Trap music
Dodi Fayed
Margaret Atwood
Evangeline Lilly
Ann-Margret
Oxygen
Josh Gad
Jainism
Jennifer Connelly
Tommy Lee Jones
Mukesh Ambani
Stockholm syndrome
Cities and towns during the Syrian Civil War
2 Broke Girls
Xiaomi
It (2017 film)
Ray Liotta
Kat Dennings
Dick Van Dyke
First Amendment to the United States Constitution
Brunei
Chris Paul
Star Trek: The Next Generation
Prison Break (season 5)
Master of None
Paul Hogan
Chess
Black Sails (TV series)
List of Super Bowl champions
MasterChef Australia (series 9)
Bairavaa
Zaha Hadid
John D. Rockefeller
The New York Times
Elizabeth of York
Percy Fawcett
The Comedian (2016 film)
Pineal gland
US Airways Flight 1549
William III of England
List of trigonometric identities
Marilyn Monroe
Andrew Garfield
Krysten Ritter
Jensen Ackles
Katherine Johnson
Asia
Ex Machina (film)
United States
Rotten Tomatoes
List of Star Wars Rebels episodes
The Sixth Sense
Vasyl Lomachenko
Matt Ryan (American football)
Jamie Dornan
List of Australian stand-up comedians
Eliza Dushku
Chelsea F.C.
Egypt
Luxembourg
Holly Holm
Battle of Mosul (2016–17)
Kathy Bates
Janet Jackson
John Belushi
Mumbai
Basketball
Blood type
BTS (band)
Katheryn Winnick
Taxonomy (biology)
Taylor Swift
Bill Clinton
Volkswagen Group
Chris Martin
Disha Patani
George Washington
Anne Heche
The Voice (U.S. TV series)
John Heard (actor)
Alan Rickman
Immanuel Kant
A
Sherlock Holmes
Adam West
Democratic Unionist Party
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development