images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Venezuela

Venezuela ( (listen); American Spanish: [beneˈswela] (listen)), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi). The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana. With this last country, the Venezuelan government maintains a claim for Guayana Esequiba over an area of 159,542 km2 (61,600 sq mi). For its maritime areas, it exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km2 (27,527 sq mi) of territorial waters, 22,224 km2 (8,581 sq mi) in its contiguous zone, 471,507 km2 (182,050 sq mi) of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean under the concept of exclusive economic zone, and 99,889 km2 (38,567 sq mi) of continental shelf. This marine area borders those of 13 states. The country has extremely high biodiversity and is ranked seventh in the world's list of nations with the most number of species. There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.

The territory now known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples. In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. It gained full independence as a country in 1830. During the 19th century, Venezuela suffered political turmoil and autocracy, remaining dominated by regional caudillos (military strongmen) until the mid-20th century. Since 1958, the country has had a series of democratic governments. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993. A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former coup-involved career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution. The revolution began with a 1999 Constituent Assembly, where a new Constitution of Venezuela was written. This new constitution officially changed the name of the country to Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela).

The sovereign state is a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District (covering Caracas), and federal dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands). Venezuela also claims all Guyanese territory west of the Essequibo River, a 159,500-square-kilometre (61,583 sq mi) tract dubbed Guayana Esequiba or the Zona en Reclamación (the "zone under dispute"). Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital (Caracas) which is also the largest city in Venezuela.

Oil was discovered in the early 20th century, and today, Venezuela has the world's largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil. Previously, the country was an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, but oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues. The 1980s oil glut led to an external debt crisis and a long-running economic crisis. Inflation peaked at 100% in 1996 and poverty rates rose to 66% in 1995 as (by 1998) per capita GDP fell to the same level as 1963, down a third from its 1978 peak. The recovery of oil prices in the early 2000s gave Venezuela oil funds not seen since the 1980s. The Venezuelan government under Hugo Chávez then established populist social welfare policies that initially boosted the Venezuelan economy and increased social spending, temporarily reducing economic inequality and poverty in the early years of the regime. However, such populist policies later became inadequate, causing the nation's collapse as their excesses—including a uniquely extreme fossil fuel subsidy—are widely blamed for destabilizing the nation's economy. The destabilized economy led to a crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela, resulting in hyperinflation, an economic depression, shortages of basic goods and drastic increases in unemployment, poverty, disease, child mortality, malnutrition and crime. These factors have precipitated the Venezuelan Migrant Crisis where more than three million people have fled the country. By 2017, Venezuela was declared to be in default regarding debt payments by credit rating agencies. In 2018, the country's economic policies led to extreme hyperinflation, with estimates expecting an inflation rate of 1,370,000% by the end of the year. Venezuela is a charter member of the UN, OAS, UNASUR, ALBA, Mercosur, LAIA and OEI.



Source: Venezuela
Yuvraj Singh
G-Eazy
14th Dalai Lama
AFC Ajax
World War I
Dubai
Pirates of the Caribbean (film series)
Female ejaculation
Christopher Darden
Facebook
Carrie Fisher
Internet of things
Lamborghini
Kate Walsh (actress)
Gene Simmons
Band of Brothers (miniseries)
Agatha Christie
David Lynch
Paul Wesley
Vertigo
John Paul Getty III
Michael Rooker
List of Modern Family episodes
Calvin Harris
Ethereum
The Fate of the Furious
Trainspotting (film)
List of Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom
Billions (TV series)
Rod Stewart
South Korea
Minnie Driver
GIF
Pescetarianism
Democratic Party (United States)
Jean-Claude Van Damme
Avril Lavigne
Michael Sheen
Hermaphrodite
Normal distribution
Dawood Ibrahim
José Mourinho
Groundhog Day
How I Met Your Mother
The Affair (TV series)
Darren Aronofsky
Kazakhstan
÷ (album)
Cerebral palsy
Gmail
Jack Whitehall
UNESCO
Sasha Pieterse
George II of Great Britain
M. Night Shyamalan
2022 FIFA World Cup
Ku Klux Klan
Kirsten Dunst
Benito Mussolini
Nate Diaz
Elton John
Jenny Slate
Game of Thrones (season 3)
Bobby Brown
Chanel West Coast
The Rolling Stones
Dave Grohl
Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl
Shameless (season 7)
Atlanta
Sean Penn
List of solar eclipses in the 21st century
Brandi Love
Rohit Sharma
Oscar De La Hoya
Prince Harry
Need for Speed
Roger Waters
Margot Robbie
Bill Clinton
James Corden
Leonardo DiCaprio filmography
Mother Teresa
United Kingdom general election, 2015
Bird
Shah Rukh Khan
Frank Ocean
XXXTentacion
Seth MacFarlane
Amber Tamblyn
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Cocaine
Armenian Genocide
Yolanda Hadid
Hayden Panettiere
Slovakia
Molly Ringwald
Malta
Eddie Murphy
Chris Benoit
Fifty Shades Freed (film)
Criminal Minds (season 12)
Finn Bálor
America's Got Talent (season 12)
Mad Max: Fury Road
Ed Gein
House of Medici
Toronto
Olivia Wilde
Bob Marley
Doctor Strange
Kajol
Money laundering
Steven Tyler
List of amendments to the United States Constitution
Passengers (2016 film)
Deadpool 2
Kylian Mbappé
Existentialism
2013 NBA draft
Dirk Nowitzki
Chaz Bono
George Jung
Dark (TV series)
List of mobile phone makers by country
Impeachment in the United States
Spanish Civil War
Libertarianism
Gravity
Jennifer Hudson
Knowledge
Anal sex
Marvin Gaye
Black hole
Whoopi Goldberg
Tropical cyclone
Michael Gambon
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev
Dirty Dancing
Lily Tomlin
Billy Crudup
Robin Williams
Bobby Moore
Anna Paquin
Boyz II Men
Opinion polling for the French presidential election, 2017
Kuwait
List of EastEnders characters
Will Poulter
Hugh Laurie
Budapest
Independence Day: Resurgence
Brandon Lee
List of UFC champions
United Arab Emirates
List of macOS components
Paganism
Walmart
Al-Qaeda
Matt Hardy
Alanis Morissette
Alien (franchise)
Null
Ken Jeong
Ireland
Ian Somerhalder
McDonald's
Bahrain
Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid
UFC 214
Queen (band)
Alan Alda
Allison Janney
Kolkata
Succession to the British throne
Stone Cold Steve Austin
Katherine Heigl
Black Mirror
2017 in South Korean music
Song Joong-ki
Amish
Christina Aguilera
Test
Kaley Cuoco
Mariana Trench
Blink-182
Grace Kelly
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
Metronidazole
Your Name
David Thewlis
Jennifer Morrison
Nashville (2012 TV series)
Laverne Cox
Aphrodite
Italy national football team
London
Mark Fuhrman
Iron Fist (comics)
Gong Yoo
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development