images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Typhoid fever

Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to Salmonella typhi that causes symptoms. Symptoms may vary from mild to severe and usually begin six to thirty days after exposure. Often there is a gradual onset of a high fever over several days; weakness, abdominal pain, constipation, headaches, and mild vomiting also commonly occur. Some people develop a skin rash with rose colored spots. In severe cases there may be confusion. Without treatment, symptoms may last weeks or months. Diarrhea is uncommon. Other people may carry the bacterium without being affected; however, they are still able to spread the disease to others. Typhoid fever is a type of enteric fever, along with paratyphoid fever.

The cause is the bacterium Salmonella Typhi, also known as Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi, growing in the intestines and blood. Typhoid is spread by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Risk factors include poor sanitation and poor hygiene. Those who travel in the developing world are also at risk. Only humans can be infected. Symptoms are similar to those of many other infectious diseases. Diagnosis is by either culturing the bacteria or detecting the bacterium's DNA in the blood, stool, or bone marrow. Culturing the bacterium can be difficult. Bone marrow testing is the most accurate.

A typhoid vaccine can prevent about 40% to 90% of cases during the first two years. The vaccine may have some effect for up to seven years. It is recommended for those at high risk or people traveling to areas where the disease is common. Other efforts to prevent the disease include providing clean drinking water, good sanitation, and handwashing. Until it has been confirmed that an individual's infection is cleared, the individual should not prepare food for others. The disease is treated with antibiotics such as azithromycin, fluoroquinolones or third generation cephalosporins. Resistance to these antibiotics has been developing, which has made treatment of the disease more difficult.

In 2015, there were 12.5 million new cases worldwide. The disease is most common in India. Children are most commonly affected. Rates of disease decreased in the developed world in the 1940s as a result of improved sanitation and use of antibiotics to treat the disease. Each year in the United States, about 400 cases are reported and it is estimated that the disease occurs in about 6,000 people. In 2015, it resulted in about 149,000 deaths worldwide – down from 181,000 in 1990 (about 0.3% of the global total). The risk of death may be as high as 20% without treatment. With treatment, it is between 1 and 4%. Typhus is a different disease. However, the name typhoid means "resembling typhus" due to the similarity in symptoms.



Source: Typhoid fever
The Vampire Diaries
June Carter Cash
Gmail
The Pirate Bay
Adam Warlock
Auld Lang Syne
Lobotomy
Colombia
Jordan Fisher
Idi Amin
State of Palestine
Kaya Scodelario
Aditi Rao Hydari
Arrow (TV series)
Brandi Love
Jared Padalecki
The Sopranos
Brock Lesnar
MS-13
Gerald's Game (film)
Furious 7
List of mobile phone makers by country
One More Light
Dan Aykroyd
Grant Gustin
Anne, Queen of Great Britain
Yvonne Strahovski
Poppers
Coco (2017 film)
ICC Champions Trophy
Keerthy Suresh
Fairy Tail
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
David Harbour
Sundar Pichai
Kimberly Guilfoyle
Oscar Pistorius
Bahrain
American Psycho (film)
Cain and Abel
Joel Osteen
Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl
Captain Marvel (DC Comics)
Dangal (film)
Vanessa Redgrave
Nicholas Hoult
List of NBA champions
Big Bang
Oxycodone
Rachel Weisz
Zendaya
Washington, D.C.
Chyna
Dark matter
Ruth Negga
James Gandolfini
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
Govinda (actor)
Elizabeth Banks
Hong Kong
Martha Stewart
Jolly LLB 2
G-spot
Colossal (film)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
÷ (album)
British Empire
Rohit Sharma
List of stand-up comedians
Glen Campbell
Robert Kardashian
Red Hot Chili Peppers
The Maze Runner (film)
Shashi Kapoor
Diego Costa
Spanish language
Lena Dunham
The Founder
Dulce María
Elijah Wood
List of Naruto: Shippuden episodes
Lynyrd Skynyrd
Heinrich Himmler
List of The Simpsons episodes
Kelly Macdonald
EBay
List of Teen Wolf episodes
Pixar
Aurora
Assassin's Creed
The Ring (2002 film)
List of HTTP status codes
Essay
Philip Seymour Hoffman
Victor Hugo
Julian Assange
Lord Voldemort
Hunter S. Thompson
Aaron Taylor-Johnson
List of Michelin 3-star restaurants
Tucker Carlson
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Cancer
John F. Kennedy Jr.
My Hero Academia
Namibia
Ancient Rome
Crusades
Uzbekistan
List of emoticons
RSS
The Incredibles 2
Norway
David Boreanaz
Emilio Estevez
Quincy Jones
Brigitte Macron
Hina Khan (actress)
Emily Browning
Queen (band)
Windows 10
Henry VIII of England
Measles
Rogue One
Emmy Rossum
Timeless (TV series)
Theresa May
Queer
George H. W. Bush
Rupert Grint
'Ain Ghazal
Jeff Goldblum
Daniel Kaluuya
Forest Whitaker
Wales
Hope Hicks
Achilles
Mary of Teck
Bloodline (TV series)
The Prestige (film)
Papua New Guinea
Michael Landon
Tom Selleck
Martin Sheen
Robert De Niro
Buwaydah
Slipknot (band)
Kenya
Halle Berry
Buddhism
Heather Graham
Common (rapper)
Ruby Rose
List of countries by GDP (PPP)
David Beckham
Coyote
IBM
Syphilis
French Montana
American Gods
Saint Lucia
Tom Cruise filmography
John Locke
Ozzy Osbourne
Cellulitis
Jeff Bezos
Liberia
Josh Duhamel
Colosseum
Iron Maiden
Psychosis
Maria Bello
New7Wonders of the World
Miranda Kerr
Bill Gates
Last Man Standing (U.S. TV series)
UFC 217
"European Society for Clinical Investigation"
Tom Petty
Joan Cusack
Burt Reynolds
Super Bowl XLIX
Iggy Azalea
Gini coefficient
David Fincher
Zinedine Zidane
Chris Rock
Big Five personality traits
Canada
Johnny Cash
The Witch (2015 film)
Florida
Chrisley Knows Best
Vasyl Lomachenko
Samsung
Karan Johar
2013 NBA draft
Heroin
Despicable Me 3
Freemasonry
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development