images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Shingles

Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a localized area. Typically the rash occurs in a single, wide stripe either on the left or right side of the body or face. Two to four days before the rash occurs there may be tingling or local pain in the area. Otherwise there are typically few symptoms though some may have fever, headache, or feel tired. The rash usually heals within two to four weeks; however, some people develop ongoing nerve pain which can last for months or years, a condition called postherpetic neuralgia. In those with poor immune function the rash may occur widely. If the rash involves the eye, vision loss may occur.

Shingles is due to a reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV) within a person's body. The disease chickenpox is caused by the initial infection with VZV. Once chickenpox has resolved, the virus may remain inactive in nerve cells. When it reactivates, it travels from the nerve body to the endings in the skin, producing blisters. Risk factors for reactivation include old age, poor immune function, and having had chickenpox before 18 months of age. How the virus remains in the body or subsequently re-activates is not well understood. Exposure to the virus in the blisters can cause chickenpox in someone who has not had it, but will not trigger shingles. Diagnosis is typically based on a person's signs and symptoms. Varicella zoster virus is not the same as herpes simplex virus; however, they belong to the same family of viruses.

The shingles vaccine reduces the risk of shingles by 50 to 90%, depending on the vaccine used. It also decreases rates of postherpetic neuralgia, and if shingles occurs, its severity. If shingles develops, antiviral medications such as aciclovir can reduce the severity and duration of disease if started within 72 hours of the appearance of the rash. Evidence does not show a significant effect of antivirals or steroids on rates of postherpetic neuralgia. Paracetamol, NSAIDs, or opioids may be used to help with the acute pain.

It is estimated that about a third of people develop shingles at some point in their life. While more common among older people, children may also get the disease. The number of new cases per year ranges from 1.2–3.4 per 1,000 person-years among healthy individuals to 3.9–11.8 per 1,000 person-years among those older than 65 years of age. About half of those living to age 85 will have at least one attack, and less than 5% will have more than one attack. The disease has been recognized since ancient times.



Source: Shingles
Charles Darwin
It Comes at Night
Martin Luther
Bobby Cannavale
Tamannaah
Prometheus (2012 film)
Anderson Cooper
Tom Petty
Jawaharlal Nehru
Moses
Korean War
The Shining (film)
Benedict Arnold
Death Note (2017 film)
Battle of the Alamo
Miguel Ferrer
Lethal Weapon (TV series)
Human rights
Jamie Bell
Ron Perlman
Hugh Grant
Shailene Woodley
Jimmy Butler (basketball)
Dave Bautista
R. Kelly
Mr. Bean
Florida
Otto Warmbier
Ghostbusters (2016 film)
The Last Kingdom (TV series)
Game of Thrones
Super Mario Odyssey
Dr. Dre
List of emoticons
List of countries by GDP (PPP)
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
2016 Summer Olympics
Carol Burnett
Scotland
Elijah Wood
Olivia Wilde
C (programming language)
Ragnar Lodbrok
Rings (2017 film)
USB
Fridtjof Nansen
List of WWE personnel
Syrian Civil War
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Christopher Darden
Maggie Smith
KFC
Charlton Heston
Same-sex marriage
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
DNA
Music
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Black Death
Laurence Fishburne
Odin
Liechtenstein
Noah Cyrus
Massachusetts
Feminism
Borderline personality disorder
Succession to the British throne
Mar-a-Lago
N.W.A
Song Joong-ki
Alanis Morissette
Cannabis (drug)
Tiffany Haddish
Alien (franchise)
Jacqueline Fernandez
Gotham (TV series)
Dylan O'Brien
Johnny Carson
Elizabeth I of England
World War II casualties
Cristiano Ronaldo
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II
Guardians of the Galaxy (film)
Tyrese Gibson
Damian Lewis
Christopher Nolan
Rebel Wilson
The Empire Strikes Back
The Goldbergs (2013 TV series)
Courteney Cox
Bill Maher
Downton Abbey
Katherine Waterston
Sting (musician)
Wolverine (character)
Michelle Williams (actress)
Bryan Cranston
Elizabeth Smart
Thor (film)
Trans-Pacific Partnership
Billy Joel
Frankenstein
Seth Rollins
Gene Hackman
Qatar
Television
Swastika
Cillian Murphy
Carlos Slim
Argentina national football team
Schizophrenia
Kangana Ranaut
Grace Kelly
President of India
Emily Ratajkowski
WWE Great Balls of Fire
World Trade Center (1973–2001)
MacOS
Ishqbaaaz
Whitney Houston
Isle of Man
Gifted (film)
Mark Hamill
Mark Zuckerberg
Great Pyramid of Giza
Lemonade (Beyoncé album)
Singapore
War for the Planet of the Apes
The Great British Bake Off
Dennis Rader
Glock
The Wolf of Wall Street (2013 film)
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Houston Astros
Better Call Saul
Band of Brothers (miniseries)
Bee Gees
Adrianne Palicki
Becky G
American Revolutionary War
This Is Us (TV series)
Jessica Biel
The Mummy (1999 film)
George Lucas
Alan Tudyk
Jonathan Brandis
IOS
Allies of World War II
Hafþór Júlíus Björnsson
Windows 10
Chris Kyle
Stephen King
Indian Army
Scotch pie
South Park: The Fractured but Whole
Jhené Aiko
Justice League
Joseph Gordon-Levitt
Prison Break (season 5)
Meek Mill
89th Academy Awards
Mara Wilson
DevOps
Jennifer Winget
Lin-Manuel Miranda
Rekha
Joe Manganiello
The Babadook
Auld Lang Syne
Giant panda
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Laura Dern
Byzantine Empire
Melania Knauss
Nostradamus
Paganism
Christine Baranski
New Girl
German Shepherd
AC/DC
Guardian: The Lonely and Great God
Young Sheldon
Yoko Ono
Russell Westbrook
Test
Aruba
Moon Lovers: Scarlet Heart Ryeo
Ellen DeGeneres
Michael Rooker
Freddie Mercury
Ansel Adams
United Kingdom
Chile
The Chronicles of Narnia
Oman
European Union
The Big Bang Theory (season 10)
Katharine Ross
Robin Gibb
Bobby Fischer
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development