images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Roe v. Wade

Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113 (1973), was a landmark decision of the U.S. Supreme Court in which the Court ruled that the U.S. Constitution protects a pregnant woman's liberty to choose to have an abortion without excessive government restriction. It struck down many U.S. state and federal abortion laws, and prompted an ongoing national debate in the United States about whether and to what extent abortion should be legal, who should decide the legality of abortion, what methods the Supreme Court should use in constitutional adjudication, and what the role of religious and moral views in the political sphere should be. Roe v. Wade reshaped U.S. politics, dividing much of the United States into pro-life and pro-choice camps, while activating grassroots movements on both sides.

The case involved a woman named Norma McCorvey—known in her lawsuit under the pseudonym "Jane Roe"—who in 1969 became pregnant with her third child and wanted an abortion. However, McCorvey lived in Texas, where abortion was illegal except when necessary to save the mother's life. She was referred to lawyers Sarah Weddington and Linda Coffee, who filed a lawsuit on her behalf in U.S. federal court against the local district attorney Henry Wade, alleging that Texas's abortion laws were unconstitutional. A three-judge panel of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Texas heard the case and ruled in her favor. Texas then appealed this ruling directly to the U.S. Supreme Court, which agreed to hear the case.

In January 1973, the Supreme Court issued a 7–2 decision holding that the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides a "right to privacy" that protects a pregnant woman's right to choose whether or not to have an abortion. However, it held that this right is not absolute, and must be balanced against the government's interests in protecting women's health and protecting prenatal life. The Court resolved this balancing test by tying state regulation of abortion to the three trimesters of pregnancy: during the first trimester, governments could not prohibit abortions at all; during the second trimester, governments could require reasonable health regulations; during the third trimester, abortions could be prohibited entirely so long as the laws contained exceptions for cases when they were necessary to save the life or health of the mother. The Court classified the right to choose to have an abortion as "fundamental", which required courts to evaluate challenged abortion laws under the "strict scrutiny" standard, the highest level of judicial review in the United States.

Roe was criticized by some in the legal community, and some have called the decision a form of judicial activism. In a prominent Yale Law Journal article published soon after the decision was issued, the U.S. legal scholar John Hart Ely criticized Roe as a decision that "is not constitutional law and gives almost no sense of an obligation to try to be." In 1992, the Supreme Court revisited and modified its legal rulings in Roe in the case of Planned Parenthood v. Casey. In Casey, the Court reaffirmed Roe's holding that a woman's right to choose to have an abortion is constitutionally protected, but abandoned Roe's trimester framework in favor of a standard based on fetal viability, and overruled Roe's requirement that government regulations on abortion be subjected to the strict scrutiny standard.



Source: Roe v. Wade
Stephen Curry
Eva Longoria
Rooney Mara
Anya Taylor-Joy
Mad Men
Madhuri Dixit
2017–18 UEFA Champions League
Wes Anderson
Ganesha
Superman
Scott Eastwood
Kathryn Hahn
Shirley Jones
Miami
Multiple sclerosis
American Revolutionary War
Keith Richards
Colin Farrell
Sam Worthington
Jodie Foster
Despicable Me 3
Schutzstaffel
300 (film)
South Park: The Fractured but Whole
Catherine of Aragon
Efraim Diveroli
Chicago
Schengen Area
The Amazing Spider-Man 2
Bruce Lee
Russell Brand
Dear Evan Hansen
Singapore
Mr. Robot (TV series)
BoJack Horseman
Territories of the United States
The Founder
It (character)
Anthony Eden
Baahubali 2: The Conclusion
Greek alphabet
Bairavaa
Richard Madden
Protein
Fear the Walking Dead
Chance the Rapper
Tutankhamun
Xi Jinping
Sean Combs
Aspirin
Steve Jobs
Frida Kahlo
Frankenstein
William the Conqueror
Ian McShane
The Conjuring
Haim (band)
Loving v. Virginia
Rage Against the Machine
Reese Witherspoon
Stephanie McMahon
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Golden ratio
14th Dalai Lama
Julianne Moore
Fellatio
Italy national football team
Clonazepam
Taron Egerton
Hypertension
American Psycho (film)
Eritrea
Al Pacino
Labrador Retriever
A Series of Unfortunate Events
The Legend of Tarzan (film)
2017 Southeast Asian Games
Donald Trump
James Baldwin
NASA
Big Sean
Bette Davis
Brazzers
Google Translate
Amy Poehler
Windows 10 version history
Martin Sheen
Rose McGowan
Hydrogen
Demi Lovato
Zooey Deschanel
Kylie Minogue
List of mathematical symbols
Bigg Boss 11
List of Vikings episodes
Riz Ahmed
Suez Crisis
System of a Down
Keerthy Suresh
Clean Bandit
Protestantism
Percy Fawcett
List of current world boxing champions
Shia LaBeouf
Willem Dafoe
The Championships, Wimbledon
Girls (TV series)
Trolls (film)
Ghost in the Shell
Gugu Mbatha-Raw
UEFA Champions League
Lemonade (Beyoncé album)
Nestlé
Warren Beatty
John Ritter
Linkin Park
Frank Zappa
Paul Wesley
Krampus
Wil Wheaton
Alyson Hannigan
Hyperloop
Opinion polling for the United Kingdom general election, 2017
Kevin Spacey
Fergie (singer)
Kerala
James Stewart
Berlin Wall
Kristen Wiig
South America
Microsoft Windows
Kim Basinger
Call Me by Your Name (film)
TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs (2017)
Edgar Wright
Chris Farley
Chris Paul
M4 carbine
Jemaine Clement
Angkor Wat
Generation X
United Kingdom
Burt Reynolds
Ellen Page
The Walking Dead (TV series)
Ryan Reynolds
2016–17 Premier League
Jackie Robinson
Melissa Rauch
Elizabeth Debicki
Eva Braun
Steppenwolf (comics)
Oman
Salvador Dalí
Rebecca Romijn
Audrey Hepburn
Sofia Coppola
Constantinople
List of Telugu films of 2017
Raees (film)
La La Land (film)
List of The Vampire Diaries episodes
The Mummy (1999 film)
Pink Floyd
Zimbabwe
Didier Drogba
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne
Vincent D'Onofrio
Gucci Mane
Miles Davis
Empire (2015 TV series)
Queer
MasterChef Australia (series 9)
Gautama Buddha
Vitamin B12
Pollution
Joseph Fiennes
Mika Brzezinski
Formula One
Battle of Waterloo
Star Wars sequel trilogy
California Proposition 218 (1996)
Dominican Republic
David Letterman
Ansel Adams
Maddie Ziegler
Fences (film)
Bear Grylls
Attack on Titan
Kate Hudson
The Huntsman: Winter's War
British royal family
Carrie Underwood
Sex in film
Michelangelo
MacOS
Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Michelle Pfeiffer
Pulmonary embolism
Ex Machina (film)
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development