images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Petra

Petra (Arabic: البتراء, Al-Batrāʾ; Ancient Greek: Πέτρα), originally known to its inhabitants as Raqmu, is a historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan. Petra lies on the slope of Jabal Al-Madbah in a basin among the mountains which form the eastern flank of Arabah valley that run from the Dead Sea to the Gulf of Aqaba. Petra is believed to have been settled as early as 9,000 BC, and it was possibly established in the 4th century BC as the capital city of the Nabataean Kingdom. The Nabataeans were nomadic Arabs who invested in Petra's proximity to the trade routes by establishing it as a major regional trading hub.

The trading business gained the Nabataeans considerable revenue and Petra became the focus of their wealth. The earliest historical reference to Petra was an attack to the city ordered by Antigonus I in 312 BC recorded by various Greek historians. The Nabataeans were, unlike their enemies, accustomed to living in the barren deserts, and were able to repel attacks by utilizing the area's mountainous terrain. They were particularly skillful in harvesting rainwater, agriculture and stone carving. Petra flourished in the 1st century AD when its famous Khazneh structure – believed to be the mausoleum of Nabataean King Aretas IV – was constructed, and its population peaked at an estimated 20,000 inhabitants.

Although the Nabataean Kingdom became a client state for the Roman Empire in the first century BC, it was only in 106 AD that they lost their independence. Petra fell to the Romans who annexed and renamed Nabataea to Arabia Petraea. Petra's importance declined as sea trade routes emerged, and after a 363 earthquake destroyed many structures. The Byzantine Era witnessed the construction of several Christian churches, but the city continued to decline, and by the early Islamic era became an abandoned place where only a handful of nomads lived. It remained unknown to the world until it was rediscovered in 1812 by Johann Ludwig Burckhardt.

The city is accessed through a 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi) long gorge called the Siq, which leads directly to the Khazneh. Famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system, Petra is also called the Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1985. UNESCO has described it as "one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage". In 2007, Al-Khazneh was voted in as one of the New7Wonders of the World. Petra is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan's most-visited tourist attraction. Tourist numbers peaked at 1 million in 2010, the following period witnessed a slump due to regional instability. However, tourist numbers have picked up recently, and around 600,000 tourists visited the site in 2017.



Source: Petra
Aristotle
Lamborghini
Annette Bening
Tori Kelly
Kriti Sanon
Variance
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev
Death of JonBenét Ramsey
Everything, Everything (film)
Allison Janney
Korean Empire
Golden Retriever
War for the Planet of the Apes
Jennifer Lopez
Howard Hughes
Death in Paradise (TV series)
Legal drinking age
Katie Holmes
Gold (2016 film)
Ajith Kumar
James Stewart
Tramadol
International Phonetic Alphabet
KJ Apa
Karl Urban
Borderline personality disorder
The Alchemist (novel)
Roger Moore
WannaCry ransomware attack
Kathy Griffin
Jake Gyllenhaal
Special education
Eric Roberts
Andy Milonakis
Fifty Shades Darker (film)
Supreme Court of the United States
Five Nights at Freddy's
Vijay Sethupathi
Finland
Jared Leto
The Circle (2017 film)
Judy Garland
X-23
Michael Keaton
Seven deadly sins
Reema Lagoo
The Incredible Hulk (film)
Selena
Bermuda Triangle
Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 25)
Intersex
David Bowie
List of United States insurance companies
The Avengers (2012 film)
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird
Montenegro
Fifty Shades Freed (film)
Naomie Harris
Pope Francis
Secret Superstar
Joseph Gordon-Levitt
Dylann Roof
Batman
Miss Universe 2017
Albania
Ted Kennedy
Kevin O'Leary
Apple
Frankenstein
Bob Marley
Ryan Reynolds
Jeremy Corbyn
Hedy Lamarr
Captain America: The First Avenger
Earthquake
Gerald's Game (film)
Mark Twain
List of Once Upon a Time episodes
Anonymous (group)
Kolkata
The Shannara Chronicles
E-commerce
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh
Charles Manson
Adidas
A Song of Ice and Fire
George IV of the United Kingdom
Shark Tank
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Rosetta Stone
List of Greek mythological figures
Armenian Genocide
Philip Seymour Hoffman
Lionel Richie
Money laundering
Tiger
Burning Man
Got7
Star Trek: Discovery
Beauty and the Beast
Mark David Chapman
Keith Richards
Kamal Haasan
Rami Malek
United Nations
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Amanda Seyfried
O. J. Simpson
Laura Dern
Nelson Mandela
Photosynthesis
Michelle Monaghan
Abraham
Sunny Leone
Room (2015 film)
Michelin Guide
Ann Coulter
Georgina Chapman
Economics
Betsy DeVos
January Jones
Boy George
Luis Fonsi
Hayao Miyazaki
Ready Player One
Captain Marvel (DC Comics)
Mammal
Doctor Who
DevOps
The Simpsons
Miranda Cosgrove
Benito Mussolini
Marilyn Manson
Alec Baldwin
Lisa Lopes
Territories of the United States
Rob Kardashian
Chemtrail conspiracy theory
Milo Ventimiglia
List of Nintendo Switch games
Varun Dhawan
Test data
Mahatma Gandhi
Downton Abbey
Peter Thiel
Ben Kingsley
Paul Bettany
Kiss (band)
Agoraphobia
Xi Jinping
Paris Agreement
Astrological sign
Patriots Day (film)
Lucy Liu
Mario Balotelli
Kathy Bates
Kate Walsh (actress)
Dunkirk evacuation
Star Trek Beyond
Hope Hicks
Marxism
A Series of Unfortunate Events
Gangs of New York
List of Pixar films
Galileo Galilei
List of longest-running scripted U.S. primetime television series
Derrick Rose
Lady Bird (film)
Miguel RodrĂ­guez Orejuela
Timeless (TV series)
Matt Ryan (American football)
List of Vikings episodes
Hwarang: The Poet Warrior Youth
List of Telugu films of 2017
Odyssey
Joel Embiid
Colossal (film)
Polyamory
Tiger Shroff
2012 Benghazi attack
LaMelo Ball
Prince Harry
The Twilight Saga (film series)
Cary Grant
Pythagorean theorem
Ku Klux Klan
Jimmy Carter
Romani people
Impeachment
Gavin Rossdale
Tyler, The Creator
Jim Parsons
Harry Houdini
Shia LaBeouf
Nikola Tesla
June Carter Cash
T. E. Lawrence
Chumlee
Jason Momoa
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development