images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Peru

Peru ( (listen); Spanish: Perú [peˈɾu]; Quechua: Piruw Republika [pʰɪɾʊw]; Aymara: Piruw Suyu [pɪɾʊw]), officially the Republic of Peru (Spanish: República del Perú ), is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river.

Peruvian territory was home to several ancient cultures. Ranging from the Norte Chico civilization in the 32nd century BC, the oldest civilization in the Americas and one of the five cradles of civilization, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America, the territory now including Peru has one of the longest histories of civilization of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 4th millennia BCE.

The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a viceroyalty that encompassed most of its South American colonies, with its capital in Lima. Peru formally proclaimed independence in 1821, and following the military campaigns of José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar, and the decisive battle of Ayacucho, Peru secured independence in 1824. In the ensuing years, the country enjoyed relative economic and political stability, which ended shortly before the War of the Pacific with Chile. Throughout the 20th century, Peru endured armed territorial disputes, coups, social unrest, and internal conflicts, as well as periods of stability and economic upswing. Alberto Fujimori was elected to the presidency in 1990; his government was credited with economically stabilizing Peru and successfully ending the Shining Path insurgency, though he was widely accused of human rights violations and suppression of political dissent. Fujimori left the presidency in 2000 and was charged with human rights violations and imprisoned until his pardon by President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in 2017. Even after the president's regime, Fujimori's followers, called Fujimoristas, have caused political turmoil for any opposing faction in power, even causing Pedro Pablo Kuczynski to resign in March 2018.

The sovereign state of Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. It is classified as an emerging market with a high level of human development and an upper middle income level with a poverty rate around 19 percent. It is one of the region's most prosperous economies with an average growth rate of 5.9% and it has one of the world's fastest industrial growth rates at an average of 9.6%. Its main economic activities include mining, manufacturing, agriculture and fishing; along with other growing sectors such as telecommunications and biotechnology. The country forms part of The Pacific Pumas, a political and economic grouping of countries along Latin America's Pacific coast that share common trends of positive growth, stable macroeconomic foundations, improved governance and an openness to global integration. Peru ranks high in social freedom; it is an active member of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the Pacific Alliance, the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the World Trade Organization; and is considered as a middle power.

Peru has a population of 32 million, which includes Amerindians, Europeans, Africans and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.



Source: Peru
List of Family Guy episodes
Odell Beckham Jr.
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Donald Trump Jr.
Ramya Krishnan
Inception
The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim
Python (programming language)
Maurice Gibb
Emily Deschanel
Emmy Rossum
Cricket
Kenneth Branagh
List of Hindi film clans
Taylor series
Furious 7
Socrates
Telangana
Ted Danson
Demi Moore
Gray wolf
Henry VII of England
Brave New World
Alexis Sánchez
The Book of Henry
Video game
Lymphoma
Portland, Oregon
Richard Harris
Mormons
Ginnifer Goodwin
Casey Affleck
Meghan Markle
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami
Jenny Slate
Sunny Leone
US Airways Flight 1549
List of Grand Slam men's singles champions
Artemis
Bali
Snapchat
Dan Aykroyd
Sid Vicious
Rise of the Planet of the Apes
National Football League
Pussy
Sachin: A Billion Dreams
2014 NBA draft
Brigitte Macron
Jesse Plemons
Jennifer Hudson
U.S. Route 66
Rebecca Ferguson
Kapoor family
Ava Gardner
Taylor Momsen
Labrador Retriever
Manchester City F.C.
The Ring (2002 film)
Scandal (TV series)
The Big Bang Theory
T. E. Lawrence
John Hurt
Paul Rudd
Open education
Slovenia
Bruce Willis
California Proposition 218 (1996)
H. P. Lovecraft
Martin Landau
Christina Ricci
2017 NFL Draft
Lysergic acid diethylamide
Kylo Ren
Brown bear
Miss Universe 2016
Supernatural (season 12)
Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit
Pink Floyd
Human penis size
Lena Headey
Game of Thrones
List of Modern Family episodes
Deadpool (film)
Slumdog Millionaire
Backlash (2017)
History of the FIFA World Cup
Jallikattu
Dorothy Vaughan
Bipolar disorder
Robert Shapiro (lawyer)
Tony Ferguson
Busy Philipps
Michael Caine
Kazakhstan
G
Anna Nicole Smith
Pearl Jam
Muhammad Ali
Saroo Brierley
Television
The Five Love Languages
Protein
Holi
Boris Johnson
Water pollution
Google Maps
Diane Lane
Ralph Fiennes
Sterling K. Brown
Vietnam
Allison Janney
Hacksaw Ridge
Otto Warmbier
Gillian Anderson
Battle of the Sexes (tennis)
The Ranch (TV series)
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
Prison Break (season 5)
Pentatonix
Zoe Kazan
Margot Robbie
Blue whale
Denis Villeneuve
Amber Heard
The Defenders (miniseries)
List of Blindspot episodes
Frank Zappa
The Martian (film)
Cambodia
Daddy Yankee
Kwanzaa
Miguel Rodríguez Orejuela
Emu War
Fear the Walking Dead
Ian Somerhalder
Austria
Joe Biden
Spice Girls
RMS Titanic
The Americans (2013 TV series)
European Union
Vin Diesel
Peter Sarsgaard
Boyz II Men
Morocco
Rheumatoid arthritis
Ford Mustang
Beauty and the Beast (2017 film)
Ghostbusters (2016 film)
Aung San Suu Kyi
Hydrogen peroxide
Melissa Benoist
Ray Charles
Jonny Lee Miller
Dark web
14th Dalai Lama
Overwatch (video game)
Kray twins
The Shack
Machine learning
Nigeria
Don Quixote
Malaysia
Tramadol
Maroon 5
Giant panda
Oona Chaplin
Harry Potter (film series)
Naruto
Katrina Kaif
Sean Bean
Kidnapping of Shannon Matthews
DC Comics
Star Wars sequel trilogy
Dunning–Kruger effect
Aristotle
Jet Li
Unbreakable (film)
Bob's Burgers
Michael Landon
Bob Marley
The Chainsmokers
Shingles
Georgia (country)
Andy Gibb
Psychosis
Timeless (TV series)
Will & Grace
Jay Z
James Caan
Stipe Miocic
George W. Bush
Buwaydah
Representational state transfer
Two and a Half Men
Shirley Temple
Android (operating system)
Eva Green
Bill Nighy
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development