Sir James Paul McCartney (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer, songwriter, musician, record and film producer, composer, and businessman. A multi-instrumentalist, he gained worldwide fame as the bass guitarist and singer of the Beatles, who are widely considered to be the most popular and influential band in history. McCartney is one of the most successful composers and performers of all time. He has written or co-written 32 songs that have reached No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100, and as of 2009 he had 25.5 million RIAA-certified units in the United States. His songwriting partnership with John Lennon remains the most successful in history. After the group disbanded in 1970, he pursued a solo career and formed the band Wings with his first wife, Linda, and Denny Laine.
More than 2,200 artists have covered McCartney's Beatles song "Yesterday", making it one of the most covered songs in popular music history. Wings' 1977 release "Mull of Kintyre" is one of the all-time best-selling singles in the UK. McCartney has released an extensive catalogue of songs as a solo artist and has composed classical and electronic music. His most recent album, Egypt Station (2018), became his first album in 36 years to top the Billboard 200, and his first to debut at No. 1.
A two-time inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (as a member of the Beatles in 1988, and as a solo artist in 1999) and an 18-time Grammy Award winner, McCartney (along with Lennon, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr) received appointment as a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1965, and he was knighted in 1997 for services to music. He has taken part in projects to promote international charities related to such subjects as animal rights, seal hunting, land mines, vegetarianism, poverty, and music education. He has married three times and has five children. He is also one of the wealthiest musicians in the world, with an estimated net worth of US$1.2 billion.