images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Net neutrality

Net neutrality is the principle that Internet service providers should treat all data equally and not discriminate or charge differently based on user, content, website, platform, application, type of equipment, or method of communication. When net neutrality is required, Internet service providers may not intentionally block, slow down, or charge money for specific online content.

The term was coined by Columbia University media law professor Tim Wu in 2003, as an extension of the longstanding concept of a common carrier, which was used to describe the role of telephone systems. Net neutrality regulations may be referred to as "common carrier" regulations. Net neutrality does not block all abilities that Internet service providers have to impact their customer's services. Opt-in/opt-out services exist on the end user side, and filtering can be done on a local basis, as in the filtration of sensitive material for minors.

As an example of a net neutrality violation, Comcast secretly slowed ("throttled") uploads from peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) applications by using forged packets. Comcast did not stop blocking these protocols, like BitTorrent, until the Federal Communications Commission ordered them to stop. In another example, the Madison River Communications company was fined $15,000 by the FCC in 2004 for restricting their customers' access to Vonage, which was a competitor to their own services. AT&T was also caught limiting access to FaceTime, so only those users who paid for AT&T's new shared data plans could access the application. In July 2017, Verizon Wireless was accused of throttling after users noticed that videos played on Netflix and YouTube were slower than usual, though Verizon commented that it was conducting "network testing" and that net neutrality rules permit "reasonable network management practices". A September 2018 report from Northeastern University and the University of Massachusetts, Amherst found that U.S. telecom companies are indeed slowing Internet traffic to and from those two sites in particular along with other popular apps.

Research suggests that a combination of policy instruments will help realize the range of valued political and economic objectives central to the network neutrality debate. Combined with strong public opinion, this has led some governments to regulate broadband Internet services as a public utility, similar to the way electricity, gas, and the water supply are regulated, along with limiting providers and regulating the options those providers can offer. In the United States, in April 2015, the FCC issued its Open Internet Order, which reclassified Internet access - previously classified as an information service - as a common carrier telecommunications service (i.e. a public utility).

On December 14, 2017, the FCC, led by Chairman Ajit Pai, voted to partially repeal the 2015 Open Internet Order, classifying Internet access once again as an information service.



Source: Net neutrality
List of The Walking Dead episodes
Seychelles
Money laundering
Atlanta Falcons
List of country calling codes
Al Baqa
Venice
List of 2017 albums
Logan Lucky
UEFA Champions League
China
Cara Delevingne
Methamphetamine
Battle of Dunkirk
Craigslist
Gigi Hadid
Albus Dumbledore
Thomas Jefferson
David Hasselhoff
David Fincher
Somalia
Bed size
Mick Jagger
World War I
Billions (TV series)
Nier: Automata
WrestleMania 33
Dick Van Dyke
Oakland Raiders
East India Company
Janis Joplin
Viola Davis
The Edge of Seventeen
Gold
Jeremy Clarkson
27 Club
Killing of Harambe
List of Grand Slam men's singles champions
13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi
Great Britain
Patton Oswalt
Tom Brady
Criminal Minds
Laurence Fishburne
Khaidi No. 150
Brexit
Anne Heche
Sigmund Freud
RSS
Kennedy family
Terry Crews
States and union territories of India
Kevin Kline
Carol Burnett
Cyprus
Kangana Ranaut
Guy Pearce
James Gandolfini
Lolita
Chandragupta Maurya
Los Angeles
Lucifer
Oxygen
Bubonic plague
Wallis Simpson
Melanie Griffith
Santa Clarita Diet
Charles II of England
Ileana D'Cruz
June Carter Cash
H. R. McMaster
Naga Chaitanya
Hoda Kotb
Joan Crawford
Rita Ora
Band of Brothers (miniseries)
Antoine Griezmann
Channing Tatum
Muslim
Poldark (2015 TV series)
Don Quixote
UFC 213
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
List of Marvel Cinematic Universe television series
Ian Somerhalder
Queen Latifah
List of Mr. Robot episodes
Tokyo Ghoul
Patrick Wilson (American actor)
Liev Schreiber
Star Trek: The Next Generation
Christian Pulisic
Elizabeth of York
Alice Cooper
Impeachment
Lithuania
Coyote
Tim McGraw
Uttar Pradesh
50 Cent
Paris Hilton
Russia
John Laurens
Mark Cuban
Sex in film
Salman Khan
Chris Jericho
Indian Railways
Animal
Rogue One
Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier
Major depressive disorder
Brave New World
Kodak Black
Mercedes-Benz
The Shack
Tyrese Gibson
Don Johnson
Geena Davis
Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
2017 ATP World Tour
Quantum mechanics
Colin Firth
Piers Morgan
Grand Theft Auto V
Grant Gustin
Cthulhu
21 Savage
Chuck Schumer
Al-Bassah
Kenya
Miss World 2017
Andrew Lincoln
Neanderthal
Underworld: Blood Wars
Sterling K. Brown
List of The Flash episodes
Didier Drogba
How to Get Away with Murder (season 3)
Tom Jones (singer)
Stonehenge
Day of the Dead
Hirohito
Varun Dhawan
Dark web
Idina Menzel
Influenza
The Matrix
The Golden Girls
Ben Shapiro
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
Nelson Mandela
Richard Harris
Alexandra Daddario
Jhené Aiko
Hugh Hefner
Cabinet of Donald Trump
Kesha
James VI and I
Tupac Shakur
Monica Bellucci
Sadomasochism
The Texas Chain Saw Massacre
Donnie Yen
Circumcision
Blake Griffin
Tamannaah
Logan Paul
Larry Page
Saroo Brierley
Alexa Bliss
Grace Jones
Rachel Weisz
Artificial intelligence
List of Arrow episodes
Bangladesh
Gary Ridgway
Lyme disease
Fibonacci number
Roger Waters
Machine Gun Kelly (rapper)
Glee (TV series)
Crazy Ex-Girlfriend (TV series)
Amitabh Bachchan
Holly Hunter
Gunpowder Plot
2017 NFL season
John Hurt
Kwanzaa
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Antonio Banderas
Swami Vivekananda
The Legend of Zelda
Christopher Nolan
Ashley Olsen
Joel Edgerton
Sex position
Manchester City F.C.
Guyana
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development