images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Nanking Massacre

The Nanjing Massacre or Rape of Nanjing, previously written as the Nanking Massacre or Rape of Nanking, was an episode of mass murder and mass rape committed by Imperial Japanese troops against the residents of Nanjing (Nanking), then the capital of China, during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

The massacre occurred over a period of six weeks starting on December 13, 1937, the day that the Japanese captured Nanjing. During this period, soldiers of the Imperial Japanese Army murdered Chinese civilians and disarmed combatants who numbered an estimated 40,000 to over 300,000, and perpetrated widespread rape and looting.

Since most Japanese military records on the killings were kept secret or destroyed shortly after the surrender of Japan in 1945, historians have been unable to accurately estimate the death toll of the massacre. The International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo estimated in 1946 that over 200,000 Chinese were killed in the incident. China's official estimate is more than 300,000 dead based on the evaluation of the Nanjing War Crimes Tribunal in 1947. The death toll has been actively contested among scholars since the 1980s.

The event remains a contentious political issue and a stumbling block in Sino-Japanese relations. The Chinese government has been accused of exaggerating aspects of the massacre such as the death toll by many Japanese, while historical negationists and Japanese nationalists go as far as claiming the massacre was fabricated for propaganda purposes. The controversy surrounding the massacre remains a central issue in Japanese relations with other Asia-Pacific nations as well, such as South Korea.

Although the Japanese government has admitted to the killing of many non-combatants, looting, and other violence committed by the Imperial Japanese Army after the fall of Nanjing, and Japanese veterans who served there have confirmed that a massacre took place, a small but vocal minority within both the Japanese government and society have argued that the death toll was military in nature and that no such crimes ever occurred. Denial of the massacre and revisionist accounts of the killings have become a staple of Japanese nationalism. In Japan, public opinion of the massacre varies, but few deny outright that the event occurred.



Source: Nanking Massacre
Edward Norton
Brown v. Board of Education
Murder of Seth Rich
Gossip Girl
Fear the Walking Dead
California Proposition 218 (1996)
Stonehenge
Black Mirror
Zendaya
John Malkovich
Scabies
Machine (2017 film)
Carla Gugino
The Wolverine (film)
Colin Hanks
Brandon Flynn
Zodiac
Great Pyramid of Giza
Association football
Jordan Belfort
Halsey (singer)
Vegas Golden Knights
Rob Lowe
Indiana Jones (franchise)
Billy Crudup
Caligula
Bookmark
Scoville scale
The Book of Mormon (musical)
Asia's Next Top Model (cycle 5)
List of Sherlock episodes
J. Edgar Hoover
Creed (film)
Heroin
Los Angeles
Evan Peters
The Three Musketeers
4K resolution
Educational technology
Ryan Adams
Six-Day War
The Great British Bake Off
Walmart
Vikings
Stanford University
Payday loan
Louise Linton
Alicia Vikander
Hillary Clinton
Elizabeth Warren
Belize
Soundgarden
Serial killer
Assassin's Creed Origins
Turkey
2017 Africa Cup of Nations
Bonnie and Clyde
Bing Crosby
Big Brother 19 (U.S.)
Erin Moran
Elijah Blue Allman
Cape Verde
2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup
Volcano
Audie Murphy
Josh Groban
Alexander Hamilton
Emma Watson
Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting
Denuvo
Aidan Gillen
Eric Roberts
Middle-earth: Shadow of War
Marlene Dietrich
T.I.
Griselda Blanco
Body mass index
Polynesia
Indian Railways
Rod Stewart
Casey Neistat
House of Cards (season 5)
Mecca
Colosseum
Elimination Chamber (2017)
Life insurance
Amsterdam
American Beauty (1999 film)
Insurance policy
Slash (musician)
Milky Way
John Denver
Manushi Chhillar
Human body
Alexander Skarsgård
Toilet: Ek Prem Katha
Warren G. Harding
Douglas MacArthur
Shirley Temple
Rebecca Ferguson
PlayStation 3
Mercedes-Benz
Quantum mechanics
List of states and territories of the United States
Stevie Wonder
George III of the United Kingdom
The Shape of Water (film)
Rogue One
UEFA Europa League
Whitey Bulger
Eiffel Tower
List of Metropolitan Statistical Areas
Panama
Akshay Kumar
Peaky Blinders (TV series)
The Shack (2017 film)
Park Hyung-sik
Standard deviation
Beastie Boys
Blade Runner 2049
Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.
Angela Lansbury
Kubo and the Two Strings
Vasyl Lomachenko
The Prestige (film)
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Ron Perlman
IOS
Hernán Cortés
Laura Dern
Don't Breathe
List of Modern Family episodes
January Jones
Air pollution
Charo
Tina Fey
Queen Elizabeth II
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Windows 10 version history
List of Steven Universe episodes
Quincy Jones
Charles Kushner
Emilio Estevez
JacqueJacqueline Kennedy Onassis
Vancouver
Tucker Carlson
Get Out (film)
Sarah Huckabee Sanders
Steve Carell
Sasha Pieterse
Louis C.K.
House of Medici
Ginnifer Goodwin
Mariah Carey
Kobe Bryant
Baadshaho
Badrinath Ki Dulhania
Kate Beckinsale
Sophia Bush
List of mobile phone makers by country
Denise Richards
Dennis Rodman
Shape of You
David Packouz
Lili Reinhart
It Follows
Elizabeth Woodville
To Kill a Mockingbird
Return of the Jedi
Woodrow Wilson
Ancient Egypt
Gerard Butler
Guy Fieri
Billy Joel
Murder of Rhys Jones
Bowling Green massacre
Mass Effect: Andromeda
Apartheid
Aaron Paul
Nero
The dress
List of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. episodes
Postmodernism
Paul McCartney
Zoey Deutch
Memorial Day
James Marsden
Bill Gates
Fred Trump
Grease (film)
Seinfeld
Melissa Benoist
Diego Maradona
Agoraphobia
Republic of Macedonia
International Women's Day
Despacito
Antoine Griezmann
Natasha Richardson
Alprazolam
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development