images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Middle Ages

In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or medieval period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century. It began with the fall of the Western Roman Empire and merged into the Renaissance and the Age of Discovery. The Middle Ages is the middle period of the three traditional divisions of Western history: classical antiquity, the medieval period, and the modern period. The medieval period is itself subdivided into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages.

Population decline, counterurbanisation, collapse of centralized authority, invasions, and mass migrations of tribes, which had begun in Late Antiquity, continued in the Early Middle Ages. The large-scale movements of the Migration Period, including various Germanic peoples, formed new kingdoms in what remained of the Western Roman Empire. In the 7th century, North Africa and the Middle East—once part of the Byzantine Empire—came under the rule of the Umayyad Caliphate, an Islamic empire, after conquest by Muhammad's successors. Although there were substantial changes in society and political structures, the break with classical antiquity was not complete. The still-sizeable Byzantine Empire, Rome's direct continuation, survived in the Eastern Mediterranean and remained a major power. The empire's law code, the Corpus Juris Civilis or "Code of Justinian", was rediscovered in Northern Italy in 1070 and became widely admired later in the Middle Ages. In the West, most kingdoms incorporated the few extant Roman institutions. Monasteries were founded as campaigns to Christianise pagan Europe continued. The Franks, under the Carolingian dynasty, briefly established the Carolingian Empire during the later 8th and early 9th century. It covered much of Western Europe but later succumbed to the pressures of internal civil wars combined with external invasions: Vikings from the north, Magyars from the east, and Saracens from the south.

During the High Middle Ages, which began after 1000, the population of Europe increased greatly as technological and agricultural innovations allowed trade to flourish and the Medieval Warm Period climate change allowed crop yields to increase. Manorialism, the organisation of peasants into villages that owed rent and labour services to the nobles, and feudalism, the political structure whereby knights and lower-status nobles owed military service to their overlords in return for the right to rent from lands and manors, were two of the ways society was organised in the High Middle Ages. The Crusades, first preached in 1095, were military attempts by Western European Christians to regain control of the Holy Land from Muslims. Kings became the heads of centralised nation-states, reducing crime and violence but making the ideal of a unified Christendom more distant. Intellectual life was marked by scholasticism, a philosophy that emphasised joining faith to reason, and by the founding of universities. The theology of Thomas Aquinas, the paintings of Giotto, the poetry of Dante and Chaucer, the travels of Marco Polo, and the Gothic architecture of cathedrals such as Chartres are among the outstanding achievements toward the end of this period and into the Late Middle Ages.

The Late Middle Ages was marked by difficulties and calamities including famine, plague, and war, which significantly diminished the population of Europe; between 1347 and 1350, the Black Death killed about a third of Europeans. Controversy, heresy, and the Western Schism within the Catholic Church paralleled the interstate conflict, civil strife, and peasant revolts that occurred in the kingdoms. Cultural and technological developments transformed European society, concluding the Late Middle Ages and beginning the early modern period.



Source: Middle Ages
Gavin Rossdale
Eurovision Song Contest 2017
Persona 5
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
Christopher Darden
Roy Halladay
Ted Bundy
Avril Lavigne
Mom (film)
Delta Force
Denmark
The OA
Raabta (film)
George Washington
XXX: State of the Union
The 100 (TV series)
Restoration (Spain)
Al Baqa
Micropenis
Alprazolam
Survivor Series (2017)
James Earl Jones
List of hobbies
Protestantism
Trolls (film)
Turmeric
British Raj
Saroo Brierley
Central Intelligence Agency
The Lion King
Dodi Fayed
Japan
Aishwarya Rai
Intersex
Paris Saint-Germain F.C.
Alias Grace
Kapil Sharma (comedian)
Naam Shabana
Rachel Bilson
McDonald's
5S (methodology)
The Affair (TV series)
Trainspotting (film)
Bipolar disorder
74th Golden Globe Awards
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Better Call Saul
The Blacklist: Redemption
Whoopi Goldberg
N.W.A
Daniel Kaluuya
Female genital mutilation
Darren Aronofsky
Jesse Owens
James Stewart
Cabinet of Donald Trump
RMS Titanic
Oroville Dam
Jack Ruby
Pulp Fiction
La7
Richard B. Spencer
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Canary Islands
Lady Bird (film)
Gordon Ramsay
The Legend of the Blue Sea
Marvel Comics
Groundhog Day
Axl Rose
Brendan Fraser
Gibraltar
The X-Files
Will Poulter
Lady Jane Grey
Jason Segel
John Boyega
Liberia
Connie Nielsen
Uber (company)
Al Pacino
Argentina
Laurie Metcalf
Guillermo del Toro
Pitch Perfect 3
Faith Hill
Cloud computing
Leonardo DiCaprio filmography
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice
Spotlight (film)
Mark David Chapman
Katie Cassidy
La La Land (film)
Maisie Williams
George Orwell
Timothy McVeigh
Pep Guardiola
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Buddy Holly
List of English football champions
Steve McQueen
Travis Kalanick
Golmaal Again
Aziz Ansari
Kriti Kharbanda
New Jersey
Elizabeth Woodville
List of WWE pay-per-view events
Teen Wolf (season 6)
Criminal Minds
Roy Moore
Jennifer Love Hewitt
Kendall Jenner
Major League Baseball
Adam Levine
Panama
Punisher
Southeast Asia
Puerto Rico
Evan Peters
Sharia
Designated Survivor (TV series)
Cate Blanchett
Laura Prepon
David Attenborough
Steve Kerr
South Korea
Melbourne
Michael B. Jordan
Tim McGraw
The Witch (2015 film)
Saint Lucia
Krishna
David Harbour
Brazzers
John Cusack
Alexander Graham Bell
Molly Ringwald
Association football
Shingles
Oxycodone
Tomahawk (missile)
Geostorm
Giant panda
Jammu and Kashmir
The Handmaid's Tale (TV series)
Adele
M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story
Georges St-Pierre
Walmart
The Prestige (film)
Tyrese Gibson
George Jung
List of Greek mythological figures
London
Coco (2017 film)
Iron Man (2008 film)
The Sixth Sense
The Undertaker
Deontay Wilder
Marvel Cinematic Universe
Ben Shapiro
Disappearance of Madeleine McCann
Captain America: Civil War
Indian Railways
Electromagnetic spectrum
Marshall McLuhan
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Labrador Retriever
Kangana Ranaut
Scott Eastwood
Star Trek: The Next Generation
WWE
Glen Campbell
California
Kosovo
United Kingdom general election, 2017
Frida Kahlo
Varun Dhawan
Chris Benoit
The Disaster Artist (film)
Gwyneth Paltrow
Keith Richards
LS based GM small-block engine
Zaha Hadid
G-spot
Alessia Cara
Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
List of TCP and UDP port numbers
Vikings (season 4)
List of Telugu films of 2017
Fifth Harmony
Game of Thrones (season 5)
Alt-right
The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story
RSS
Anal sex
Kris Wu
Emu War
Bermuda Triangle
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development