images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Mahatma Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (; Hindustani: [ˈmoːɦəndaːs ˈkərəmtʃənd ˈɡaːndʱi] (listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948) was an Indian activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. The honorific Mahātmā (Sanskrit: "high-souled", "venerable") was applied to him first in 1914 in South Africa – is now used worldwide. In India, he was also called Bapu, a term that he preferred (Gujarati: endearment for father, papa) and Gandhi ji, and is known as the Father of the Nation.

Born and raised in a Hindu merchant caste family in coastal Gujarat, India, and trained in law at the Inner Temple, London, Gandhi first employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expatriate lawyer in South Africa, in the resident Indian community's struggle for civil rights. After his return to India in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest against excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving Swaraj or self-rule.

Gandhi led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942. He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha. He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest.

Gandhi's vision of an independent India based on religious pluralism was challenged in the early 1940s by a new Muslim nationalism which was demanding a separate Muslim homeland carved out of India. In August 1947, Britain granted independence, but the British Indian Empire was partitioned into two dominions, a Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan. As many displaced Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs made their way to their new lands, religious violence broke out, especially in the Punjab and Bengal. Eschewing the official celebration of independence in Delhi, Gandhi visited the affected areas, attempting to provide solace. In the months following, he undertook several fasts unto death to stop religious violence. The last of these, undertaken on 12 January 1948 when he was 78, also had the indirect goal of pressuring India to pay out some cash assets owed to Pakistan. Some Indians thought Gandhi was too accommodating. Among them was Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist, who assassinated Gandhi on 30 January 1948 by firing three bullets into his chest. Captured along with many of his co-conspirators and collaborators, Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte were tried, convicted and executed while many of their other accomplices were given prison sentences.

Gandhi's birthday, 2 October, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Nonviolence.



Source: Mahatma Gandhi
Barcelona
Adam Scott (actor)
Legal drinking age
2013 NBA draft
Feud (TV series)
Harry Potter (film series)
David Lynch
Tardigrade
Wind River (film)
Channing Tatum
Muhammad
List of cities proper by population
A Game of Thrones
Juventus F.C.
Jonathan Groff
Harley Quinn
Socrates
Kamal Haasan
World population
Capital punishment
List of Lucifer episodes
Hilary Duff
Criminal Minds
J. K. Rowling
Diane Keaton
Federal Bureau of Investigation
World Wide Web
Fastlane (2017)
Roger Moore
Gennady Golovkin
Los Angeles
Margot Robbie
Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 25)
Madonna (entertainer)
Gal Gadot
Guy Fieri
General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon
Dengue fever
Film
Sertraline
List of states with nuclear weapons
Autonomous sensory meridian response
Ponzi scheme
Uma Thurman
2017 FIFA U-20 World Cup
Denzel Washington
Joe Jonas
Blackbeard
Milla Jovovich
Bermuda Triangle
Sherlock Holmes
New York Yankees
UFC 208
Seoul
The Ring (2002 film)
Chance the Rapper
Faith Evans
Designated Survivor (TV series)
Fibromyalgia
Barack Obama
Murder on the Orient Express
Meghan Markle
John Wick
Ronda Rousey
The Voice (U.S. season 13)
Phoenix (mythology)
Garbiñe Muguruza
Leighton Meester
The Blacklist (season 4)
Dean Martin
G-spot
Samurai Jack (season 5)
XXXX
French language
Anil Kapoor
Test data
List of trigonometric identities
Ten Commandments
Montreal
Josh Duhamel
Rebecca Romijn
Ian McShane
Lil Yachty
The Chainsmokers
Bates Motel (TV series)
List of religious populations
2018 FIFA World Cup qualification (UEFA)
World War I
DreamWorks Animation
Zoroastrianism
Bijou Phillips
Lua Blanco
Happy Death Day
It (novel)
Lindsey Stirling
The X Factor (UK TV series)
Windows 10
UFC 217
The Middle (TV series)
Fred Armisen
Raees (film)
Prince (musician)
Liam Hemsworth
Inter Milan
Erika Jayne
Sex.com
Divergent (film)
John Stamos
Megan Mullally
Sarah Hyland
Forest Whitaker
Robert Durst
Maya Rudolph
Jagga Jasoos
List of Sherlock episodes
Systemic lupus erythematosus
Anthony Hopkins
Fiji
Pearl Jam
Search engine optimization
2016–17 UEFA Champions League
Nokia
Vanna White
Autonomous communities of Spain
Al-Batin
Bourne (film series)
List of emoticons
Glenne Headly
Logic (musician)
Renée Zellweger
Hugh Jackman
A.C. Milan
Overwatch (video game)
Of Mice and Men
Star Wars Battlefront II (2017 video game)
The Holocaust
Lori Greiner
Post Malone
Deep Purple
Family Guy
Bea Arthur
Olivia Munn
Kaya Scodelario
Coen brothers
Lemonade (Beyoncé album)
Michelle Pfeiffer
Isis
Czech Republic
Sex (book)
Matt Ryan (American football)
Julio Jones
Jupiter
Corey Haim
German federal election, 2017
Al-Bassah
Big Show
Las Vegas
Genghis Khan
List of Modern Family episodes
Kevin Love
Vinny Paz
Casey Neistat
Kyrie Irving
Gong Yoo
Madagascar
Tobey Maguire
Andy Warhol
Giannis Antetokounmpo
Chennai
Riz Ahmed
Middle-earth: Shadow of War
Adam Warlock
Tim McGraw
Travis Fimmel
Fergie (singer)
2017 FIFA Confederations Cup
Faye Dunaway
List of South Park episodes
Sam Neill
The Lord of the Rings
Nineteen Eighty-Four
Inferno (2016 film)
Rage Against the Machine
Five Nights at Freddy's
The Walking Dead (season 8)
David Schwimmer
Peaky Blinders (TV series)
United States men's national soccer team
Death of Diana, Princess of Wales
Sikhism
Keeping Up with the Kardashians
Republic of Macedonia
Martin Luther King Jr.
Fleetwood Mac
Guardians of the Galaxy (film)
Tupac Shakur
Power Rangers (film)
Sense8
Anna Kendrick
Amber Heard
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development