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List of amendments to the United States Constitution

Thirty-three amendments to the United States Constitution have been proposed by the United States Congress and sent to the states for ratification since the Constitution was put into operation on March 4, 1789. Twenty-seven of these, having been ratified by the requisite number of states, are part of the Constitution. The first ten amendments were adopted and ratified simultaneously and are known collectively as the Bill of Rights. Six amendments adopted by Congress and sent to the states have not been ratified by the required number of states. Four of these amendments are still technically open and pending, one is closed and has failed by its own terms, and one is closed and has failed by the terms of the resolution proposing it.

Article Five of the United States Constitution detailed the two-step process for amending the nation's frame of government. Amendments must be properly Proposed and Ratified before becoming operative. This process was designed to strike a balance between the excesses of constant change and inflexibility.

An amendment may be proposed and sent to the states for ratification by either:
  • The United States Congress, whenever a two-thirds majority in both the Senate and the House of Representatives deem it necessary;
OR
  • A national convention, called by Congress for this purpose, on the application of the legislatures of two-thirds (currently 34) of the states.
To become part of the Constitution, an amendment must be ratified by either (as determined by Congress):
  • The legislatures of three-fourths (currently 38) of the states, within the stipulated time period—if any;
OR
  • State ratifying conventions in three-fourths (currently 38) of the states, within the stipulated time period—if any.
Upon being properly ratified, an amendment becomes an operative addition to the Constitution.

Approximately 11,699 proposals to amend the Constitution have been introduced in Congress since 1789 (as of January 2017). Collectively, members of the House and Senate typically propose around 200 amendments during each two–year term of Congress. Most, however, never get out of the Congressional committees in which they were proposed, and only a fraction of those that do receive enough support to win Congressional approval to go through the constitutional ratification process. Beginning in the early 20th century, Congress has usually, but not always, stipulated that an amendment must be ratified by the required number of states within seven years from the date of its submission to the states in order to become part of the Constitution. Congress' authority to set ratification deadline was affirmed by the United States Supreme Court in Coleman v. Miller, 307 U.S. 433 (1939).

The thirty-three amendments to the United States Constitution—both ratified and unratified—are listed and detailed in the tables below.



Source: List of amendments to the United States Constitution
Aristotle
Lamborghini
Annette Bening
Tori Kelly
Kriti Sanon
Variance
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev
Death of JonBenét Ramsey
Everything, Everything (film)
Allison Janney
Korean Empire
Golden Retriever
War for the Planet of the Apes
Jennifer Lopez
Howard Hughes
Death in Paradise (TV series)
Legal drinking age
Katie Holmes
Gold (2016 film)
Ajith Kumar
James Stewart
Tramadol
International Phonetic Alphabet
KJ Apa
Karl Urban
Borderline personality disorder
The Alchemist (novel)
Roger Moore
WannaCry ransomware attack
Kathy Griffin
Jake Gyllenhaal
Special education
Eric Roberts
Andy Milonakis
Fifty Shades Darker (film)
Supreme Court of the United States
Five Nights at Freddy's
Vijay Sethupathi
Finland
Jared Leto
The Circle (2017 film)
Judy Garland
X-23
Michael Keaton
Seven deadly sins
Reema Lagoo
The Incredible Hulk (film)
Selena
Bermuda Triangle
Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 25)
Intersex
David Bowie
List of United States insurance companies
The Avengers (2012 film)
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird
Montenegro
Fifty Shades Freed (film)
Naomie Harris
Pope Francis
Secret Superstar
Joseph Gordon-Levitt
Dylann Roof
Batman
Miss Universe 2017
Albania
Ted Kennedy
Kevin O'Leary
Apple
Frankenstein
Bob Marley
Ryan Reynolds
Jeremy Corbyn
Hedy Lamarr
Captain America: The First Avenger
Earthquake
Gerald's Game (film)
Mark Twain
List of Once Upon a Time episodes
Anonymous (group)
Kolkata
The Shannara Chronicles
E-commerce
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh
Charles Manson
Adidas
A Song of Ice and Fire
George IV of the United Kingdom
Shark Tank
Neil deGrasse Tyson
Rosetta Stone
List of Greek mythological figures
Armenian Genocide
Philip Seymour Hoffman
Lionel Richie
Money laundering
Tiger
Burning Man
Got7
Star Trek: Discovery
Beauty and the Beast
Mark David Chapman
Keith Richards
Kamal Haasan
Rami Malek
United Nations
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Amanda Seyfried
O. J. Simpson
Laura Dern
Nelson Mandela
Photosynthesis
Michelle Monaghan
Abraham
Sunny Leone
Room (2015 film)
Michelin Guide
Ann Coulter
Georgina Chapman
Economics
Betsy DeVos
January Jones
Boy George
Luis Fonsi
Hayao Miyazaki
Ready Player One
Captain Marvel (DC Comics)
Mammal
Doctor Who
DevOps
The Simpsons
Miranda Cosgrove
Benito Mussolini
Marilyn Manson
Alec Baldwin
Lisa Lopes
Territories of the United States
Rob Kardashian
Chemtrail conspiracy theory
Milo Ventimiglia
List of Nintendo Switch games
Varun Dhawan
Test data
Mahatma Gandhi
Downton Abbey
Peter Thiel
Ben Kingsley
Paul Bettany
Kiss (band)
Agoraphobia
Xi Jinping
Paris Agreement
Astrological sign
Patriots Day (film)
Lucy Liu
Mario Balotelli
Kathy Bates
Kate Walsh (actress)
Dunkirk evacuation
Star Trek Beyond
Hope Hicks
Marxism
A Series of Unfortunate Events
Gangs of New York
List of Pixar films
Galileo Galilei
List of longest-running scripted U.S. primetime television series
Derrick Rose
Lady Bird (film)
Miguel RodrĂ­guez Orejuela
Timeless (TV series)
Matt Ryan (American football)
List of Vikings episodes
Hwarang: The Poet Warrior Youth
List of Telugu films of 2017
Odyssey
Joel Embiid
Colossal (film)
Polyamory
Tiger Shroff
2012 Benghazi attack
LaMelo Ball
Prince Harry
The Twilight Saga (film series)
Cary Grant
Pythagorean theorem
Ku Klux Klan
Jimmy Carter
Romani people
Impeachment
Gavin Rossdale
Tyler, The Creator
Jim Parsons
Harry Houdini
Shia LaBeouf
Nikola Tesla
June Carter Cash
T. E. Lawrence
Chumlee
Jason Momoa
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