John Arthur Lithgow ( LITH-goh; born October 19, 1945) is an American actor, musician, poet, author, and singer. He is the recipient of numerous accolades, including six Primetime Emmy Awards, two Tony Awards, two Golden Globe Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, four Drama Desk Awards, and has been nominated for two Academy Awards and four Grammy Awards. Lithgow has received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame and has been inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame.
Lithgow is best known for his television roles as Dick Solomon in the sitcom 3rd Rock from the Sun (1996–2001), Arthur Mitchell in the drama Dexter (2009), and Sir Winston Churchill in the drama The Crown (2016), for each of which he won Primetime Emmy Awards.
In film, he is also well known for his roles in Blow Out (1981), Footloose (1984), Harry and the Hendersons (1987), Shrek (2001) and Love is Strange (2014). His performances in The World According to Garp (1982) and Terms of Endearment (1983) each earned him nominations for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.
On the stage, he has appeared in many Broadway productions including the musical adaptations of Sweet Smell of Success and Dirty Rotten Scoundrels. In 2007, he made his Royal Shakespeare Company debut as Malvolio in Neil Bartlett's production of Twelfth Night. In 2019 he starred on Broadway opposite Laurie Metcalf in Hillary and Clinton.