images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Japanese language

Japanese (日本語, Nihongo, [ɲihoŋɡo] (listen) or [ɲihoŋŋo]) is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan, where it is the national language. It is a member of the Japonic (or Japanese-Ryukyuan) language family, and its relation to other languages, such as Korean, is debated. Japanese has been grouped with language families such as Ainu, Austroasiatic, and the now-discredited Altaic, but none of these proposals has gained widespread acceptance.

Little is known of the language's prehistory, or when it first appeared in Japan. Chinese documents from the 3rd century recorded a few Japanese words, but substantial texts did not appear until the 8th century. During the Heian period (794–1185), Chinese had considerable influence on the vocabulary and phonology of Old Japanese. Late Middle Japanese (1185–1600) included changes in features that brought it closer to the modern language, and the first appearance of European loanwords. The standard dialect moved from the Kansai region to the Edo (modern Tokyo) region in the Early Modern Japanese period (early 17th century–mid-19th century). Following the end in 1853 of Japan's self-imposed isolation, the flow of loanwords from European languages increased significantly. English loanwords, in particular, have become frequent, and Japanese words from English roots have proliferated.

Japanese is an agglutinative, mora-timed language with simple phonotactics, a pure vowel system, phonemic vowel and consonant length, and a lexically significant pitch-accent. Word order is normally subject–object–verb with particles marking the grammatical function of words, and sentence structure is topic–comment. Sentence-final particles are used to add emotional or emphatic impact, or make questions. Nouns have no grammatical number or gender, and there are no articles. Verbs are conjugated, primarily for tense and voice, but not person. Japanese equivalents of adjectives are also conjugated. Japanese has a complex system of honorifics with verb forms and vocabulary to indicate the relative status of the speaker, the listener, and persons mentioned.

Japanese has no genetic relationship with Chinese, but it makes extensive use of Chinese characters, or kanji (漢字), in its writing system, and a large portion of its vocabulary is borrowed from Chinese. Along with kanji, the Japanese writing system primarily uses two syllabic (or moraic) scripts, hiragana (ひらがな or 平仮名) and katakana (カタカナ or 片仮名). Latin script is used in a limited fashion, such as for imported acronyms, and the numeral system uses mostly Arabic numerals alongside traditional Chinese numerals.



Source: Japanese language
Sarah Paulson
Leonardo da Vinci
Arrival (film)
Thailand
Cryptocurrency
Erika Jayne
List of films based on Marvel Comics
G-Eazy
Mersal (film)
Gillian Anderson
Sexual intercourse
SummerSlam (2017)
Megyn Kelly
The Jungle Book (2016 film)
Chernobyl disaster
Shameless (season 7)
James Caan
Bupropion
Judaism
Carrie Underwood
The Last Kingdom (TV series)
Korean War
Laura Prepon
Yolanda Saldívar
Jeffrey Dean Morgan
Evan Rachel Wood
Loving v. Virginia
John Mayer
Drake (musician)
Philippines
Portugal
James Brown
Priyanka Chopra
Gugu Mbatha-Raw
List of current champions in WWE
John Gotti
Chechnya
Grand Theft Auto V
Ozark (TV series)
Julianne Hough
Bradley Cooper
Kyrie Irving
Journey (band)
Kareena Kapoor
The Snowman (2017 film)
74th Golden Globe Awards
The Shannara Chronicles
Frontier (2016 TV series)
Dexter (TV series)
Will & Grace
Jane the Virgin
Sean Bean
Carole King
Donald Trump Jr.
Feminism
Saoirse Ronan
Christopher Reeve
Corey Feldman
Dyslexia
List of countries by population (United Nations)
Caligula
David Walliams
Marine Le Pen
Martin Landau
Ben Affleck
Bairavaa
American football
Moscow
Abraham Lincoln
National Basketball Association
Alabama
Ketamine
Stevie Wonder
Shashi Kapoor
Alexander the Great
Wes Anderson
Odyssey
Ghost in the Shell
Laura Dern
Aaron Carter
Tom Cruise
Arjun Reddy
WWE
Gene Wilder
Mädchen Amick
The World's Billionaires
Zaira Wasim
Legion (Marvel Comics)
The Avengers (2012 film)
Bear Grylls
Latvia
Kate Mara
The Catcher in the Rye
Chemtrail conspiracy theory
Mr. Bean
Phoebe Cates
Game of Thrones (season 5)
Miss World 2017
Jab Harry Met Sejal
Shinsuke Nakamura
Franz Kafka
Special education
Steve Harvey
The Secret Life of Pets
Dafne Keen
Richard Gere
Lion
Windows 10
Despacito
Paul Wesley
Genghis Khan
Grigori Rasputin
Neanderthal
Travis Kalanick
Kanye West
Pope John Paul II
Alicia Vikander
Seinfeld
Generation Z
Heinrich Himmler
Brave New World
Nepal
Prometheus
Chris Hemsworth
Jonathan Taylor Thomas
The Young Pope
Milo Yiannopoulos
Travis Scott
Dinosaur
Zodiac
U2
H. P. Lovecraft
Shark Tank
Iron
Elijah Blue Allman
Buwaydah
Sarah, Duchess of York
Robbie Williams
Race and ethnicity in the United States
Sachin: A Billion Dreams
Tommy Chong
Henry Cavill
The Big Sick
Tom Petty
Spider-Man in film
Bruce Willis
James Cameron
Pitbull (rapper)
BDSM
List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita
Anne Frank
Cody Garbrandt
List of Star vs. the Forces of Evil episodes
DC Extended Universe
Sam Heughan
James Bond
XHamster
Eva Mendes
Polyamory
Courtney Love
Glenne Headly
Goods and Services Tax (India)
Playboy
HIV
Anna Kournikova
Hedy Lamarr
Dr. Dre
Jordan Belfort
Adam Warlock
Ontario
Bam Margera
Michelle Obama
19 Kids and Counting
List of Fear the Walking Dead episodes
International Space Station
It (character)
AMGTV
Alessia Cara
Sophia Bush
Gerald Ford
Supreme Court of the United States
Cortisol
Sean Spicer
Susan Sarandon
Ask Laftan Anlamaz
Byzantine Empire
PayPal
Null
Patrick J. Adams
Shruti Haasan
List of countries by GDP (PPP)
The Belko Experiment
Aziz Ansari
Subhas Chandra Bose
Akkineni Nagarjuna
Bono
Mary of Teck
List of World Series champions
Mara Wilson
The Weeknd
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development