Humphrey DeForest Bogart (; December 25, 1899 – January 14, 1957) was an American film and stage actor. His performances in numerous films from the Classical Hollywood era made him a cultural icon. In 1999, staffers at the American Film Institute selected him as the greatest male star of Classic American Cinema.
Bogart began acting in Broadway shows after World War I. After the Wall Street Crash of 1929, he began his theatrical movie career in Up the River, a comedic film directed by John Ford and starring Spencer Tracy, with Bogart playing the romantic role in a part as large as Tracy's despite much lower billing. Afterward he played various supporting parts in films for several struggling years, sometimes portraying gangsters due to his resemblance to John Dillinger. He was highly praised for his work in The Petrified Forest (1936), which was his big break into the Warner Bros. gangster pantheon. Bogart had originated the role of Duke Mantee in the 1935 Broadway production, but Warner Bros. wanted to cast the then much better known Edward G. Robinson for the film adaptation; however Leslie Howard, who played the protagonist in both the play and the film, insisted on Bogart being given the part. His breakthrough from supporting roles to A-list stardom came in 1941 with his performances in High Sierra and The Maltese Falcon. His first true romantic lead role came in 1942's Casablanca, breaking his typecasting as gangsters. He and Lauren Bacall starred together in To Have and Have Not (1944). After they married, she also played his love interest in The Big Sleep (1946), Dark Passage (1947) and Key Largo (1948). His other significant films included The African Queen with Katharine Hepburn, The Caine Mutiny with Fred MacMurray, Sabrina with Audrey Hepburn and The Barefoot Contessa with Ava Gardner. Bogart won the Academy Award for Best Actor for The African Queen, and was nominated for Casablanca and The Caine Mutiny.