images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Constantinople

Constantinople (Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις, translit. Kōnstantinoúpolis (pronunciation ); Latin: Cōnstantīnopolis) was the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire (395–1204 and 1261–1453), of the brief Crusader state known as the Latin Empire (1204–1261) and of the Ottoman Empire (1453–1923). In 1923 the capital of Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, was moved to Ankara and the name Constantinople was officially changed to Istanbul. The city is located in what is now the European side and the core of modern Istanbul. The city is still referred to as Constantinople in Greek-speaking sources.

In 324 ancient Byzantium became the new capital of the Roman Empire by Emperor Constantine the Great, after whom it was renamed, and dedicated on 11 May 330. From the mid-5th century to the early 13th century, Constantinople was the largest and wealthiest city in Europe. The city became famous for its architectural masterpieces, such as Hagia Sophia, the cathedral of the Eastern Orthodox Church, which served as the seat of the Ecumenical Patriarchate, the sacred Imperial Palace where the Emperors lived, the Galata Tower, the Hippodrome, the Golden Gate of the Land Walls, and the opulent aristocratic palaces lining the arcaded avenues and squares. The University of Constantinople was founded in the fifth century and contained numerous artistic and literary treasures before it was sacked in 1204 and 1453, including its vast Imperial Library which contained the remnants of the Library of Alexandria and had over 100,000 volumes of ancient texts. It was instrumental in the advancement of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine times as the home of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople and as the guardian of Christendom's holiest relics such as the Crown of thorns and the True Cross.

Constantinople was famed for its massive and complex defences. The first wall of the city was erected by Constantine I, and surrounded the city on both land and sea fronts. Later, in the 5th century, the Praetorian prefect Anthemius under the child emperor Theodosius II undertook the construction of the Theodosian Walls, which consisted of a double wall lying about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) to the west of the first wall and a moat with palisades in front. This formidable complex of defences was one of the most sophisticated of Antiquity. The city was built intentionally to rival Rome, and it was claimed that several elevations within its walls matched the 'seven hills' of Rome. Because it was located between the Golden Horn and the Sea of Marmara the land area that needed defensive walls was reduced, and this helped it to present an impregnable fortress enclosing magnificent palaces, domes, and towers, the result of the prosperity it achieved from being the gateway between two continents (Europe and Asia) and two seas (the Mediterranean and the Black Sea). Although besieged on numerous occasions by various armies, the defences of Constantinople proved impregnable for nearly nine hundred years.

In 1204, however, the armies of the Fourth Crusade took and devastated the city, and its inhabitants lived several decades under Latin misrule. In 1261 the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos liberated the city, and after the restoration under the Palaiologos dynasty, enjoyed a partial recovery. With the advent of the Ottoman Empire in 1299, the Byzantine Empire began to lose territories and the city began to lose population. By the early 15th century, the Byzantine Empire was reduced to just Constantinople and its environs, along with Morea in Greece, making it an enclave inside the Ottoman Empire; after a 53-day siege the city eventually fell to the Ottomans, led by Sultan Mehmed II, on 29 May 1453, whereafter it replaced Edirne (Adrianople) as the new capital of the Ottoman Empire.



Source: Constantinople
Harry Styles
The Last Ship (TV series)
Ron Jeremy
Africa
Akbar
Quantico (TV series)
Cars (film)
Santa Claus's reindeer
Roger Federer
Tamil Nadu
Eddie Redmayne
Laura Haddock
Goa
Rajinikanth
Albania
Tibet
List of The Vampire Diaries episodes
James Rodríguez
Alibaba Group
The Big Bang Theory (season 10)
All Eyez on Me (film)
Herpes simplex
Vanna White
Fidel Castro
Scott Eastwood
Mike Myers
Cryptocurrency
Mia Goth
Star Wars: The Last Jedi
Maggie Q
Wiki
Gilberto Rodríguez Orejuela
Pornographic film actor
Taliban
Video game
Anna Faris
List of longest-running scripted U.S. primetime television series
Ford Mustang
Bill O'Reilly (political commentator)
Finn Bálor
Galileo Galilei
Bright (film)
Computer
Noel Gallagher
John Locke
Hinduism
Adele
Ayn Rand
Goods and Services Tax (India)
Charo
Cate Blanchett
Roald Dahl
World Series
Melania Knauss
Inferno (Dante)
Jackfruit
PewDiePie
Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 24)
Alan Turing
Robert Lewandowski
Kid Rock
Oxygen
List of trigonometric identities
Anthony Hopkins
The Lord of the Rings
Black Mirror
Slovenia
Yolanda Saldívar
Ana de Armas
Laos
Bloodline (TV series)
Serial killer
Patrick Stewart
Elijah Blue Allman
Opinion polling for the French presidential election, 2017
George Orwell
Power Rangers (film)
Richard Gere
Eddie Fisher (singer)
Matthew McConaughey
Man of Steel (film)
Mary Tyler Moore
R. Kelly
Liverpool F.C.
UFC 210
Kaatru Veliyidai
Yahoo!
Xi Jinping
James McAvoy
Richard Dreyfuss
Blade Runner 2049
French Montana
Interstellar (film)
Zeus
2016 NFL Draft
Methamphetamine
Hindi Medium (film)
Stephen Hawking
Wi-Fi
Salman Khan
Elijah Wood
Samuel L. Jackson
Tina Fey
Solar eclipse
Bad Credit
Joe Manganiello
Saw (franchise)
List of Hallmark Channel Original Movies
Tara Palmer-Tomkinson
Bangalore
Succession to the British throne
Suriya
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev
King Arthur: Legend of the Sword
Circulatory system
List of English monarchs
The Circle (2017 film)
Sebastián Marroquín
Scoville scale
Kalief Browder
Colton Haynes
James Earl Jones
List of films considered the worst
Bhutan
Nick Offerman
Amanda Seyfried
Hoda Kotb
Agile software development
Super Bowl
Martin Luther
Ludwig van Beethoven
Juventus F.C.
Shailene Woodley
Scandal (season 6)
Bipolar disorder
Aristotle
Avril Lavigne
Shilpa Shinde
Curaçao
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Madhuri Dixit
Mahesh Babu
Normandy landings
Bangladesh
Detroit
Uganda
Will Arnett
Tardigrade
Star Trek: The Next Generation
Alexis Bledel
White House
Injustice 2
Stanford University
Carole King
Lindsey Stirling
List of Stanley Cup champions
Vince Carter
List of Nintendo Switch games
LaMelo Ball
Jean Grey
Ultimate Fighting Championship
Shraddha Kapoor
Manchester by the Sea (film)
Tamannaah
Akon
Academy Award for Best Actor
Necrophilia
Colin Kaepernick
Porno (novel)
Saint Kitts and Nevis
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami
Nathan Fillion
Anonymous (group)
Cali Cartel
Gerard Piqué
List of countries by life expectancy
Bob Dylan
Frankenstein
Karl Marx
Human Development Index
Running Man (TV series)
Betty White
The Miz
European Union
House (TV series)
Sebastian Stan
Jhené Aiko
Frontier (2016 TV series)
Apartheid
Timothy McVeigh
Jason Sudeikis
Bob Barker
Robin Williams
Olivia de Havilland
George Washington
Jainism
The Wire
Sebastian Gorka
Jada Pinkett Smith
Patrick Dempsey
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development