images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a type of obstructive lung disease characterized by long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. The main symptoms include shortness of breath and cough with sputum production. COPD is a progressive disease, meaning it typically worsens over time. Eventually everyday activities, such as walking or getting dressed, become difficult. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are older terms used for different types of COPD. The term "chronic bronchitis" is still used to define a productive cough that is present for at least three months each year for two years.

Tobacco smoking is the most common cause of COPD, with factors such as air pollution and genetics playing a smaller role. In the developing world, one of the common sources of air pollution is poorly vented heating and cooking fires. Long-term exposure to these irritants causes an inflammatory response in the lungs, resulting in narrowing of the small airways and breakdown of lung tissue. The diagnosis is based on poor airflow as measured by lung function tests. In contrast to asthma, the airflow reduction does not improve much with the use of a bronchodilator.

Most cases of COPD can be prevented by reducing exposure to risk factors. This includes decreasing rates of smoking and improving indoor and outdoor air quality. While treatment can slow worsening, no cure is known. COPD treatments include smoking cessation, vaccinations, respiratory rehabilitation, and often inhaled bronchodilators and steroids. Some people may benefit from long-term oxygen therapy or lung transplantation. In those who have periods of acute worsening, increased use of medications and hospitalization may be needed.

As of 2015, COPD affected about 174.5 million (2.4%) of the global population. It typically occurs in people over the age of 40. Males and females are affected equally commonly. In 2015, it resulted in 3.2 million deaths, up from 2.4 million deaths in 1990. More than 90% of these deaths occur in the developing world. The number of deaths is projected to increase further because of higher smoking rates in the developing world, and an aging population in many countries. It resulted in an estimated economic cost of $2.1 trillion in 2010.



Source: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Michael Bisping
Miley Cyrus
Six-Day War
C (programming language)
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Waco siege
Jesse Eisenberg
List of Lucifer episodes
XXX: State of the Union
Judaism
Desi Arnaz
Al-Bassah
Trolls (film)
Russ (rapper)
Family of Barack Obama
Riley Reid
Shah Rukh Khan
South Africa
List of Intel microprocessors
God
Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Sarah Paulson
Lizzy Caplan
The Legend of the Blue Sea
Wallis Simpson
Grand Slam (tennis)
Houston Astros
Cara Delevingne
List of Presidents of the United States
List of current world boxing champions
Murder on the Orient Express (2017 film)
Down syndrome
List of best-selling music artists
List of Disney theatrical animated features
Angelina Jolie
Eric Clapton
Game of Thrones (season 5)
Avatar (2009 film)
Top of the Lake
Tony Ferguson
Teresa Palmer
Sydney
Baadshaho
Christopher Walken
Omar Khadr
Cambodia
Millennials
T. E. Lawrence
New England Patriots
Boeing 787 Dreamliner
Alphabet Inc.
Academy Award for Best Picture
Dubai
List of current Indian chief ministers
List of American Horror Story episodes
Jason Segel
47 Meters Down
Mary of Teck
Banana
The Empire Strikes Back
Thandie Newton
Eddie Redmayne
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird
Nudity
Russian Revolution
Avengers: Infinity War
Jessica Jones (TV series)
Eddie Murphy
Trypophobia
Ashley Olsen
Live by Night (film)
Eddie Vedder
Lithium
SZA (singer)
List of 2017 albums
Rosa Parks
Easter
The Twilight Saga (film series)
Aziz Ansari
Ron Perlman
Solange Knowles
San Junipero
The World's Billionaires
Sharon Tate
Auli'i Cravalho
PlayStation 4
Fifty Shades of Grey (film)
Héctor Herrera
World Trade Center (1973–2001)
Alexis Sánchez
Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
PayPal
Ocean's Eight
Republic of Ireland
Katherine Johnson
Morocco
James Corden
List of NBA champions
The Beguiled (2017 film)
David Cameron
Henry Ford
10 Cloverfield Lane
Adrien Brody
The Guardian
Angela Merkel
Mia Khalifa
Archie Comics
Queen Victoria
Johnny Cash
The Gifted (TV series)
Aditi Rao Hydari
Big Little Lies (TV series)
Bob Dylan
New England
Hope Hicks
Hamilton (musical)
Mark Hamill
Seattle
Kelly Preston
Appendicitis
Bhutan
Shashi Kapoor
Kevin Bacon
Daenerys Targaryen
Dua Lipa
Kalpana Chawla
Kim Jong-hyun (singer)
Romelu Lukaku
Rooney Mara
Cognitive dissonance
List of Dragon Ball Super episodes
Human penis size
Bahá'í Faith
Essay
Hugh Hefner
The Wizard of Oz (1939 film)
Shirley Jones
Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Connie Nielsen
Monaco
Vietnam
List of Games with Gold games
Bray Wyatt
List of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. episodes
Petra
September 11 attacks
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
Amir Khan (boxer)
Jared Kushner
Alt-right
Gilberto Rodríguez Orejuela
Manchester United F.C.
ASCII
Rebel Wilson
Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen
X-23
Law & Order: Special Victims Unit
List of emoticons
Jamie Foxx
Venezuela
No Mercy (2017)
Bobby Brown
Facebook
Iron Fist (comics)
French language
Cape Verde
Saving Private Ryan
Brendan Fraser
Angela Bassett
2001: A Space Odyssey (film)
Sex (book)
Cock ring
Steven Mnuchin
Fargo (season 3)
Nancy Kerrigan
J. R. R. Tolkien
Diwali
List of the verified oldest people
Star Wars Battlefront II (2017 video game)
Shirley MacLaine
Rani Padmini
Naomie Harris
Miss Universe
Finn Wolfhard
Bigg Boss 11
Philip K. Dick
Malcolm X
Jim Jones
Natalie Dormer
United States Armed Forces
Anna Kournikova
Rafael Nadal
The Leftovers (TV series)
Detroit
Jenny McCarthy
Netherlands
Joseph Stalin
Kalief Browder
John Forbes Nash Jr.
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development