images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (; before 31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer and colonizer who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that opened the New World for conquest and permanent European colonization of the Americas. Columbus had embarked with intent to find and develop a westward route to the Far East, but instead discovered a route to the Americas, which were then unknown to the Old World. Columbus's voyages were the first European expeditions to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. His Spanish-based expeditions and governance of the colonies he founded were sponsored by Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon, the Catholic Monarchs of the budding Spanish Empire. Columbus never clearly renounced his belief that he had reached the Far East.

Columbus's early life is somewhat obscure, but scholars generally agree that he was born in the Republic of Genoa and spoke a dialect of Ligurian as his first language. He went to sea at a young age and travelled widely, as far north as the British Isles (and possibly Iceland) and as far south as what is now Ghana. He married Portuguese noblewoman Filipa Moniz Perestrelo and was based in Lisbon for several years, but later took a Castilian mistress; he had one son with each woman. Though largely self-educated, Columbus was widely read in geography, astronomy, and history. He formulated a plan to seek a western sea passage to the East Indies, hoping to profit from the lucrative spice trade.

After Columbus lobbied them for years, Ferdinand and Isabella agreed to sponsor a journey west, in the name of the Crown of Castile. Columbus left Castile in August 1492 with three ships, and after a stopover in the Canary Islands made landfall in the Americas on 12 October (later celebrated as Columbus Day). His landing place was an island in the Bahamas, known by its native inhabitants as Guanahani; its exact location is uncertain. Columbus subsequently visited the islands now known as Cuba and Hispaniola, establishing a colony in what is now Haiti—the first European settlement in the Americas since the Norse colonies nearly 500 years earlier. He arrived back in Castile in early 1493, bringing a number of captive natives with him. Word of his discoveries soon spread throughout Europe.

Columbus made three further voyages to the New World, exploring the Lesser Antilles in 1493, Trinidad and the northern coast of South America in 1498, and the eastern coast of Central America in 1502. Many of the names he gave to geographical features—particularly islands—are still in use. He continued to seek a passage to the East Indies, and the extent to which he was aware that the Americas were a wholly separate landmass is uncertain; he gave the name indios ("Indians") to the indigenous peoples he encountered. Columbus's strained relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America led to his arrest and removal from Hispaniola in 1500, and later to protracted litigation over the benefits that he and his heirs claimed were owed to them by the crown.

Columbus's expeditions inaugurated a period of exploration, conquest, and colonization that lasted for centuries, helping create the modern Western world. The transfers between the Old World and New World that followed his first voyage are known as the Columbian exchange, and the period of human habitation in the Americas prior to his arrival is referred to as the Pre-Columbian era.

Columbus's legacy continues to be debated. He was widely venerated in the centuries after his death, but public perceptions have changed as recent scholars have given greater attention to negative aspects of his life, such as his enslavement of the indigenous population in his quest for gold and his brutal subjugation of the Taíno people, leading to their near-extinction, as well as allegations of tyranny towards Spanish colonists. Many landmarks and institutions in the Western Hemisphere bear his name, including the country of Colombia.



Source: Christopher Columbus
2018 FIFA World Cup
The Rolling Stones
Hamlet
Sean Young
Steve Buscemi
Ronaldinho
Nashville (2012 TV series)
Clean Bandit
George Orwell
Colosseum
Keegan-Michael Key
Dolph Lundgren
Julian Assange
Scientific method
Queens of the Stone Age
2018 in film
Hurricane Katrina
Marco Polo
Bellator MMA in 2017
Ragnar Lodbrok
Steve McQueen
Amir Khan (boxer)
Schrödinger's cat
Water pollution
Outlook.com
Grace Kelly
Morrissey
The Ultimate Fighter: Redemption
Kate Mara
Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Marine Le Pen
New Girl
Kevin Love
Orgasm
Kevin O'Leary
Kate Beckinsale
Andrew Johnson
Hell or High Water (film)
H. P. Lovecraft
Spyder (film)
List of Olympic Games host cities
24: Legacy
Legion (Marvel Comics)
Joe Arpaio
IOS
Blac Chyna
Lenny Kravitz
Antifa (United States)
Grace Jones
Muammar Gaddafi
Banana
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Anonymous (group)
Ronnie O'Sullivan
Impeachment
Bali
Mileva Maric
Los Angeles Lakers
Raccoon
Republic of Ireland
Jordan Peele
Louis Tomlinson
The Beguiled (2017 film)
Woody Allen
Cinco de Mayo
Andy Griffith
The Witch (2015 film)
Scientology
Jean Grey
Mariana Trench
Lobotomy
The Mick (TV series)
Iggy Pop
Irina Shayk
Minnie Driver
Galileo Galilei
The Amazing Spider-Man 2
Diplo
X-Men Origins: Wolverine
2011 NBA draft
Allied (film)
Sci-Hub
Stonehenge
Phoenix, Arizona
Rheumatoid arthritis
2001: A Space Odyssey (film)
Shah Rukh Khan
List of serial killers by number of victims
Burt Reynolds
Resident Evil (film series)
Ronda Rousey
Chris Pratt
Michael Landon
EBay
Quinoa
Amanda Bynes
Taliban
Myanmar
Bono
Apple Inc.
Leaning Tower of Pisa
Daniel Craig
True Detective
Aleister Crowley
List of The Flash episodes
Immanuel Kant
The Comedian (2016 film)
PK (film)
Oliver Hudson
Frank Ocean
Imagine Dragons
Oliver Cromwell
Boris Johnson
Ed Gein
Serbian Despotate
Victoria Beckham
Ethiopia
Niue
Amelia Earhart
Bhutan
James Stewart
Grigori Rasputin
Alison Brie
Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II
Becky G
United States Armed Forces
The Incredibles 2
Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals
Socrates
Agatha Christie
Stephen Merchant
American Psycho (film)
List of Knowing Bros episodes
The Great Gatsby
Malcolm Young
Christopher Hitchens
Tony Robbins
The Secret Life of Pets
Capital punishment
Rosa Parks
J. R. R. Tolkien
Libya
Queen (band)
Amber Heard
New York City
Pollution
Rowan Atkinson
Judd Apatow
Huddersfield Town A.F.C.
Logan Lucky
Jesse Eisenberg
The Emoji Movie
The Young Pope
Topher Grace
Justice League
Mobile phone
Boeing 787 Dreamliner
Extreme Rules (2017)
Family of Donald Trump
Pope Francis
Austria-Hungary
Don Rickles
Stephen Amell
James Baldwin
Windows 10 version history
Elsa Pataky
Behati Prinsloo
Wentworth Miller
Rachel Bilson
Rotten Tomatoes
Los Angeles Dodgers
Horse
Suge Knight
Oscar Isaac
Joseph Fiennes
The Guardian
United States Virgin Islands
Audrey Hepburn
List of Arrow episodes
Sebastian Stan
History of India
Power Rangers
Shivaji
Netherlands
S. S. Rajamouli
Ralph Fiennes
Aziz Ansari
Middle-earth: Shadow of War
Earthquake
Cystic fibrosis
The Chainsmokers
Kelsey Grammer
Mardi Gras
Candace Cameron Bure
Iceland
Six-Day War
The Good Doctor (TV series)
Assassin's Creed (film)
Wladimir Klitschko
Georgia (country)
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development