images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus (; before 31 October 1451 – 20 May 1506) was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonist who completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain. He led the first European expeditions to the Caribbean, Central America, and South America, initiating the permanent European colonization of the Americas. Columbus discovered the viable sailing route to the Americas, a continent that was then unknown to the Old World. While what he thought he had discovered was a route to the Far East, he is credited with the opening of the Americas for conquest and settlement by Europeans.

Columbus's early life is somewhat obscure, but scholars generally agree that he was born in the Republic of Genoa and spoke a dialect of Ligurian as his first language. He went to sea at a young age and travelled widely, as far north as the British Isles (and possibly Iceland) and as far south as what is now Ghana. He married Portuguese noblewoman Filipa Moniz Perestrelo and was based in Lisbon for several years, but later took a Spanish mistress; he had one son with each woman. Though largely self-educated, Columbus was widely read in geography, astronomy, and history. He formulated a plan to seek a western sea passage to the East Indies, hoping to profit from the lucrative spice trade.

After years of lobbying, the Catholic Monarchs of Spain agreed to sponsor a journey west, in the name of the Crown of Castile. Columbus left Spain in August 1492 with three ships, and after a stopover in the Canary Islands made landfall in the Americas on 12 October (now celebrated as Columbus Day). His landing place was an island in the Bahamas, known by its native inhabitants as Guanahani; its exact location is uncertain. Columbus subsequently visited Cuba and Hispaniola, establishing a colony in what is now Haiti—the first European settlement in the Americas since the Norse colonies almost 500 years earlier. He arrived back in Spain in early 1493, bringing a number of captive natives with him. Word of his discoveries soon spread throughout Europe.

Columbus made three further voyages to the New World, exploring the Lesser Antilles in 1493, Trinidad and the northern coast of South America in 1498, and the eastern coast of Central America in 1502. Many of the names he gave to geographical features—particularly islands—are still in use. He continued to seek a passage to the East Indies, and the extent to which he was aware that the Americas were a wholly separate landmass is uncertain; he gave the name indios ("Indians") to the indigenous peoples he encountered. Columbus's strained relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America led to his arrest and removal from Hispaniola in 1500, and later to protracted litigation over the benefits that he and his heirs claimed were owed to them by the crown.

Columbus's expeditions inaugurated a period of exploration, conquest, and colonization that lasted for centuries, helping create the modern Western world. The transfers between the Old World and New World that followed his first voyage are known as the Columbian exchange, and the period of human habitation in the Americas prior to his arrival is known as the Pre-Columbian era. Columbus's legacy continues to be debated. He was widely venerated in the centuries after his death, but public perceptions have changed as recent scholars have given attention to negative aspects of his life, such as his role in the extinction of the Taíno people, his promotion of slavery, and allegations of tyranny towards Spanish colonists. Many landmarks and institutions in the Western Hemisphere bear his name, including the country of Colombia.



Source: Christopher Columbus
Groundhog Day
Empire (2015 TV series)
Rekha
Android version history
Mick Jagger
Big Mouth (TV series)
The Wire
Eva Braun
Jon Favreau
24-hour clock
Battleground (2017)
Central Intelligence Agency
Allison Williams (actress)
The Orville
Rome
Panic! at the Disco
Rosemary Clooney
Dustin Hoffman
Blindspot (TV series)
Weightlifting Fairy Kim Bok-joo
Matthew McConaughey
Amy Winehouse
The Simpsons
Novak Djokovic
Seoul
Fargo (season 3)
Celine Dion
Rex Tillerson
Diane Kruger
Ted Kaczynski
Bob's Burgers
Knights Templar
Elijah Blue Allman
World Wide Web
Rosie Huntington-Whiteley
Indiana Jones (franchise)
The Three Musketeers
Henry Ford
Wars of the Roses
Floyd Mayweather Jr.
Korea
List of Shameless (U.S. TV series) characters
Alfred the Great
Six-Day War
Charles Bronson
List of most expensive association football transfers
The Chainsmokers
Barbra Streisand
Annabelle (film)
Old Man Logan
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act
Great Lakes
Harry Potter
Patagonia
Elizabeth I of England
Ontario
Ex Machina (film)
Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
Dylan and Cole Sprouse
Cell (biology)
Monica Bellucci
War Machine (film)
Shashi Kapoor
Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Kingsman: The Golden Circle
Al Baqa
Indira Gandhi
FA Cup
Romani people
Divergent (film)
Bea Arthur
Jenna Jameson
Malaysia Airlines Flight 370
Michael Bisping
Ron Howard
Ashoka
Poppers
Anil Kapoor
Ludacris
Kate Beckinsale
Boston Marathon bombing
WWE
Goodfellas
Brett Favre
Meat Loaf
Jimmy Kimmel
Roy Moore
United States House of Representatives
The Founder
Bill Murray
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Baqa'a refugee camp
Iron Maiden
Power (TV series)
Beauty and the Beast (2017 film)
North Korea
Anthony Hopkins
Ballers
Xi Jinping
Jason Statham
Jim Crow laws
Carla Gugino
Family of Donald Trump
The Guardian
Gas constant
Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl
Ed and Lorraine Warren
Republican Party (United States)
Ice-T
John Boyega
Venezuela
Guardians of the Galaxy (film)
Medellín Cartel
List of The Flash episodes
Victoria Beckham
Kawhi Leonard
Los Angeles
Lisa Bonet
Chinese New Year
List of American Horror Story episodes
Penny Dreadful (TV series)
John Lithgow
Dak Prescott
House of Cards (season 5)
Elton John
Renée Zellweger
Caligula
Dawood Ibrahim
Bahá'í Faith
Cole Sprouse
Burning Man
Transformers (film series)
MasterChef Australia (series 9)
Firefox
Aung San Suu Kyi
Dementia
Michael Bloomberg
Shraddha Kapoor
Barack Obama
Narcissistic personality disorder
New Edition
Reputation (Taylor Swift album)
Moon Lovers: Scarlet Heart Ryeo
Everton F.C.
Reddit
Caitlyn Jenner
Monaco
Dakota Johnson
Pearl Jam
Order of the British Empire
Jeff Bezos
Nicholas II of Russia
Colin Firth
Salem witch trials
David Miscavige
Daniel Bryan
Paul Pogba
Abraham Lincoln
The Dark Knight (film)
Sasha Grey
Lily Tomlin
Rick and Morty (season 3)
Connie Nielsen
Daisy Ridley
Phoenix (mythology)
Silicon Valley (TV series)
Ezra Miller
Nicole Scherzinger
The Expanse (TV series)
New York City
Johnny Carson
Sofia Boutella
Kim Jong-nam
Zoo (TV series)
Back to the Future
Pornhub
Wilt Chamberlain
List of mobile phone makers by country
UFC 210
Naomi Watts
Hugh Jackman
Amazon.com
Sharon Tate
Homo sapiens
Kate Hudson
Alt-right
Me Before You (film)
Normal distribution
Daddy Yankee
Francesco Totti
Influenza
Longmire (TV series)
Drake (musician)
Sun
Bobby Moore
Eden Hazard
Super Bowl XLIX
Ray Liotta
Wyatt Earp
Texas
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development