images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Charles II of England

Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was king of England, Scotland and Ireland. He was king of Scotland from 1649 until his deposition in 1651, and king of England, Scotland and Ireland from the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 until his death.

Charles II's father, Charles I, was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. Although the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II king on 5 February 1649, England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II at the Battle of Worcester on 3 September 1651, and Charles fled to mainland Europe. Cromwell became virtual dictator of England, Scotland and Ireland. Charles spent the next nine years in exile in France, the Dutch Republic and the Spanish Netherlands. A political crisis that followed the death of Cromwell in 1658 resulted in the restoration of the monarchy, and Charles was invited to return to Britain. On 29 May 1660, his 30th birthday, he was received in London to public acclaim. After 1660, all legal documents were dated as if he had succeeded his father as king in 1649.

Charles's English parliament enacted laws known as the Clarendon Code, designed to shore up the position of the re-established Church of England. Charles acquiesced to the Clarendon Code even though he favoured a policy of religious tolerance. The major foreign policy issue of his early reign was the Second Anglo-Dutch War. In 1670, he entered into the Treaty of Dover, an alliance with his first cousin King Louis XIV of France. Louis agreed to aid him in the Third Anglo-Dutch War and pay him a pension, and Charles secretly promised to convert to Catholicism at an unspecified future date. Charles attempted to introduce religious freedom for Catholics and Protestant dissenters with his 1672 Royal Declaration of Indulgence, but the English Parliament forced him to withdraw it. In 1679, Titus Oates's revelations of a supposed Popish Plot sparked the Exclusion Crisis when it was revealed that Charles's brother and heir, James, Duke of York, was a Catholic. The crisis saw the birth of the pro-exclusion Whig and anti-exclusion Tory parties. Charles sided with the Tories, and, following the discovery of the Rye House Plot to murder Charles and James in 1683, some Whig leaders were executed or forced into exile. Charles dissolved the English Parliament in 1681, and ruled alone until his death on 6 February 1685. He was received into the Catholic Church on his deathbed.

Charles was one of the most popular and beloved kings of England, known as the Merry Monarch, in reference to both the liveliness and hedonism of his court and the general relief at the return to normality after over a decade of rule by Cromwell and the Puritans. Charles's wife, Catherine of Braganza, bore no live children, but Charles acknowledged at least twelve illegitimate children by various mistresses. He was succeeded by his brother James.



Source: Charles II of England
List of The Walking Dead episodes
Seychelles
Money laundering
Atlanta Falcons
List of country calling codes
Al Baqa
Venice
List of 2017 albums
Logan Lucky
UEFA Champions League
China
Cara Delevingne
Methamphetamine
Battle of Dunkirk
Craigslist
Gigi Hadid
Albus Dumbledore
Thomas Jefferson
David Hasselhoff
David Fincher
Somalia
Bed size
Mick Jagger
World War I
Billions (TV series)
Nier: Automata
WrestleMania 33
Dick Van Dyke
Oakland Raiders
East India Company
Janis Joplin
Viola Davis
The Edge of Seventeen
Gold
Jeremy Clarkson
27 Club
Killing of Harambe
List of Grand Slam men's singles champions
13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi
Great Britain
Patton Oswalt
Tom Brady
Criminal Minds
Laurence Fishburne
Khaidi No. 150
Brexit
Anne Heche
Sigmund Freud
RSS
Kennedy family
Terry Crews
States and union territories of India
Kevin Kline
Carol Burnett
Cyprus
Kangana Ranaut
Guy Pearce
James Gandolfini
Lolita
Chandragupta Maurya
Los Angeles
Lucifer
Oxygen
Bubonic plague
Wallis Simpson
Melanie Griffith
Santa Clarita Diet
Charles II of England
Ileana D'Cruz
June Carter Cash
H. R. McMaster
Naga Chaitanya
Hoda Kotb
Joan Crawford
Rita Ora
Band of Brothers (miniseries)
Antoine Griezmann
Channing Tatum
Muslim
Poldark (2015 TV series)
Don Quixote
UFC 213
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
List of Marvel Cinematic Universe television series
Ian Somerhalder
Queen Latifah
List of Mr. Robot episodes
Tokyo Ghoul
Patrick Wilson (American actor)
Liev Schreiber
Star Trek: The Next Generation
Christian Pulisic
Elizabeth of York
Alice Cooper
Impeachment
Lithuania
Coyote
Tim McGraw
Uttar Pradesh
50 Cent
Paris Hilton
Russia
John Laurens
Mark Cuban
Sex in film
Salman Khan
Chris Jericho
Indian Railways
Animal
Rogue One
Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carrier
Major depressive disorder
Brave New World
Kodak Black
Mercedes-Benz
The Shack
Tyrese Gibson
Don Johnson
Geena Davis
Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
2017 ATP World Tour
Quantum mechanics
Colin Firth
Piers Morgan
Grand Theft Auto V
Grant Gustin
Cthulhu
21 Savage
Chuck Schumer
Al-Bassah
Kenya
Miss World 2017
Andrew Lincoln
Neanderthal
Underworld: Blood Wars
Sterling K. Brown
List of The Flash episodes
Didier Drogba
How to Get Away with Murder (season 3)
Tom Jones (singer)
Stonehenge
Day of the Dead
Hirohito
Varun Dhawan
Dark web
Idina Menzel
Influenza
The Matrix
The Golden Girls
Ben Shapiro
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
Nelson Mandela
Richard Harris
Alexandra Daddario
Jhené Aiko
Hugh Hefner
Cabinet of Donald Trump
Kesha
James VI and I
Tupac Shakur
Monica Bellucci
Sadomasochism
The Texas Chain Saw Massacre
Donnie Yen
Circumcision
Blake Griffin
Tamannaah
Logan Paul
Larry Page
Saroo Brierley
Alexa Bliss
Grace Jones
Rachel Weisz
Artificial intelligence
List of Arrow episodes
Bangladesh
Gary Ridgway
Lyme disease
Fibonacci number
Roger Waters
Machine Gun Kelly (rapper)
Glee (TV series)
Crazy Ex-Girlfriend (TV series)
Amitabh Bachchan
Holly Hunter
Gunpowder Plot
2017 NFL season
John Hurt
Kwanzaa
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Antonio Banderas
Swami Vivekananda
The Legend of Zelda
Christopher Nolan
Ashley Olsen
Joel Edgerton
Sex position
Manchester City F.C.
Guyana
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development