images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern Istanbul, formerly Byzantium). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence, the empire was the most powerful economic, cultural and military force in Europe. "Byzantine Empire" is a term created after the end of the realm; its citizens continued to refer to their empire simply as the Roman Empire (Greek: Βασιλεία Ῥωμαίων, tr. Basileia Rhōmaiōn; Latin: Imperium Romanum), or Romania (Ῥωμανία), and to themselves as "Romans".

Several signal events from the 4th to 6th centuries mark the period of transition during which the Roman Empire's Greek East and Latin West diverged. Constantine I (r. 324–337) reorganised the empire, made Constantinople the new capital and legalised Christianity. Under Theodosius I (r. 379–395), Christianity became the state religion and other religious practices were proscribed. In the reign of Heraclius (r. 610–641), the Empire's military and administration were restructured and adopted Greek for official use in place of Latin. Although the Roman state continued and its traditions were maintained, modern historians distinguish Byzantium from ancient Rome insofar as it was centred on Constantinople, orientated towards Greek rather than Latin culture and characterised by Eastern Orthodox Christianity.

The borders of the empire varied through cycles of decline and recovery. During the reign of Justinian I (r. 527–565), the empire reached its greatest extent, after reconquering much of the historically Roman western Mediterranean coast, including North Africa, Italy and Rome, which it held for two more centuries. The Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628 exhausted the empire's resources and during the Early Muslim conquests of the 7th century, lost its richest provinces, Egypt and Syria, to the Arab caliphate. During the Macedonian dynasty (10th–11th centuries), the empire expanded again and experienced the two-century long Macedonian Renaissance, which came to an end with the loss of much of Asia Minor to the Seljuk Turks after the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. This battle opened the way for the Turks to settle in Anatolia.

The empire recovered during the Komnenian restoration and by the 12th century Constantinople was the largest and wealthiest European city. The Byzantine Empire was delivered a mortal blow during the Fourth Crusade, when Constantinople was sacked in 1204 and the territories that the empire formerly governed were divided into competing Byzantine Greek and Latin realms. Despite the eventual recovery of Constantinople in 1261, the Byzantine Empire remained only one of several small rival states in the area for the final two centuries of its existence. Its remaining territories were progressively annexed by the Ottomans in the Byzantine–Ottoman wars over the 14th and 15th centuries. The Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire in 1453 ended the Byzantine Empire. The last of the imperial Byzantine successor states, the Empire of Trebizond, would be conquered by the Ottomans eight years later in the 1461 Siege of Trebizond.



Source: Byzantine Empire
Gavin Rossdale
Eurovision Song Contest 2017
Persona 5
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
Christopher Darden
Roy Halladay
Ted Bundy
Avril Lavigne
Mom (film)
Delta Force
Denmark
The OA
Raabta (film)
George Washington
XXX: State of the Union
The 100 (TV series)
Restoration (Spain)
Al Baqa
Micropenis
Alprazolam
Survivor Series (2017)
James Earl Jones
List of hobbies
Protestantism
Trolls (film)
Turmeric
British Raj
Saroo Brierley
Central Intelligence Agency
The Lion King
Dodi Fayed
Japan
Aishwarya Rai
Intersex
Paris Saint-Germain F.C.
Alias Grace
Kapil Sharma (comedian)
Naam Shabana
Rachel Bilson
McDonald's
5S (methodology)
The Affair (TV series)
Trainspotting (film)
Bipolar disorder
74th Golden Globe Awards
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Better Call Saul
The Blacklist: Redemption
Whoopi Goldberg
N.W.A
Daniel Kaluuya
Female genital mutilation
Darren Aronofsky
Jesse Owens
James Stewart
Cabinet of Donald Trump
RMS Titanic
Oroville Dam
Jack Ruby
Pulp Fiction
La7
Richard B. Spencer
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
Canary Islands
Lady Bird (film)
Gordon Ramsay
The Legend of the Blue Sea
Marvel Comics
Groundhog Day
Axl Rose
Brendan Fraser
Gibraltar
The X-Files
Will Poulter
Lady Jane Grey
Jason Segel
John Boyega
Liberia
Connie Nielsen
Uber (company)
Al Pacino
Argentina
Laurie Metcalf
Guillermo del Toro
Pitch Perfect 3
Faith Hill
Cloud computing
Leonardo DiCaprio filmography
Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice
Spotlight (film)
Mark David Chapman
Katie Cassidy
La La Land (film)
Maisie Williams
George Orwell
Timothy McVeigh
Pep Guardiola
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
Buddy Holly
List of English football champions
Steve McQueen
Travis Kalanick
Golmaal Again
Aziz Ansari
Kriti Kharbanda
New Jersey
Elizabeth Woodville
List of WWE pay-per-view events
Teen Wolf (season 6)
Criminal Minds
Roy Moore
Jennifer Love Hewitt
Kendall Jenner
Major League Baseball
Adam Levine
Panama
Punisher
Southeast Asia
Puerto Rico
Evan Peters
Sharia
Designated Survivor (TV series)
Cate Blanchett
Laura Prepon
David Attenborough
Steve Kerr
South Korea
Melbourne
Michael B. Jordan
Tim McGraw
The Witch (2015 film)
Saint Lucia
Krishna
David Harbour
Brazzers
John Cusack
Alexander Graham Bell
Molly Ringwald
Association football
Shingles
Oxycodone
Tomahawk (missile)
Geostorm
Giant panda
Jammu and Kashmir
The Handmaid's Tale (TV series)
Adele
M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story
Georges St-Pierre
Walmart
The Prestige (film)
Tyrese Gibson
George Jung
List of Greek mythological figures
London
Coco (2017 film)
Iron Man (2008 film)
The Sixth Sense
The Undertaker
Deontay Wilder
Marvel Cinematic Universe
Ben Shapiro
Disappearance of Madeleine McCann
Captain America: Civil War
Indian Railways
Electromagnetic spectrum
Marshall McLuhan
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
Labrador Retriever
Kangana Ranaut
Scott Eastwood
Star Trek: The Next Generation
WWE
Glen Campbell
California
Kosovo
United Kingdom general election, 2017
Frida Kahlo
Varun Dhawan
Chris Benoit
The Disaster Artist (film)
Gwyneth Paltrow
Keith Richards
LS based GM small-block engine
Zaha Hadid
G-spot
Alessia Cara
Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
List of TCP and UDP port numbers
Vikings (season 4)
List of Telugu films of 2017
Fifth Harmony
Game of Thrones (season 5)
Alt-right
The People v. O. J. Simpson: American Crime Story
RSS
Anal sex
Kris Wu
Emu War
Bermuda Triangle
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development