images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood. The elevated mood is significant and is known as mania or hypomania, depending on its severity, or whether symptoms of psychosis are present. During mania, an individual behaves or feels abnormally energetic, happy, or irritable. Individuals often make poorly thought out decisions with little regard to the consequences. The need for sleep is usually reduced during manic phases. During periods of depression, there may be crying, a negative outlook on life, and poor eye contact with others. The risk of suicide among those with the illness is high at greater than 6 percent over 20 years, while self-harm occurs in 30–40 percent. Other mental health issues such as anxiety disorders and substance use disorder are commonly associated with bipolar disorder.

The causes are not clearly understood, but both environmental and genetic factors play a role. Many genes of small effect contribute to risk. Environmental risk factors include a history of childhood abuse and long-term stress. About 85% of the risk is attributed to genetics. The condition is classified as bipolar I disorder if there has been at least one manic episode, with or without depressive episodes, and as bipolar II disorder if there has been at least one hypomanic episode (but no manic episodes) and one major depressive episode. In those with less severe symptoms of a prolonged duration, the condition cyclothymic disorder may be diagnosed. If the symptoms are due to drugs or medical problems, it is classified separately. Other conditions that may present similarly include attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, personality disorders, schizophrenia and substance use disorder as well as a number of medical conditions. Medical testing is not required for a diagnosis, though blood tests or medical imaging can be done to rule out other problems.

Treatment commonly includes psychotherapy as well as medications such as mood stabilizers and antipsychotics. Examples of mood stabilizers that are commonly used include lithium and various anticonvulsants. Involuntary treatment in a hospital may be needed if a person is a risk to themselves or others but refuses treatment. Severe behavioral problems, such as agitation or combativeness, may be managed with short term antipsychotics or benzodiazepines. In periods of mania, it is recommended that antidepressants be stopped. If antidepressants are used for periods of depression, they should be used with a mood stabilizer. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), while not very well studied, may be tried for those who do not respond to other treatments. If treatments are stopped, it is recommended that this be done slowly. Many individuals have financial, social or work-related problems due to the illness. These difficulties occur a quarter to a third of the time, on average. Due to poor lifestyle choices and side effects from medications, the risk of death from natural causes such as heart disease is twice that of the general population.

Bipolar disorder affects approximately 1% of the global population. In the United States, about 3% are estimated to be affected at some point in their life; rates appear to be similar in females and males. The most common age at which symptoms begin is 25. The economic cost of the disorder has been estimated at $45 billion for the United States in 1991. A large proportion of this was related to a higher number of missed work days, estimated at 50 per year. People with bipolar disorder often face problems with social stigma.



Source: Bipolar disorder
Ireland
John Adams
August Ames
Srinivasa Ramanujan
Jaggi Vasudev
Stone Cold Steve Austin
Yvonne Strahovski
Bad Credit
2002 FIFA World Cup
List of Tamil films of 2017
G
Postmodernism
Martin Freeman
List of Hallmark Channel Original Movies
Houston
America's Got Talent
Ant-Man (film)
Wes Anderson
Liam Neeson
Hamlet
The Autopsy of Jane Doe
Joel Embiid
Everything, Everything (film)
Emoji
Miles Teller
M*A*S*H (TV series)
A. R. Rahman
2017 NFL season
Kama Sutra
Colossal (film)
Edgar Wright
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
Alprazolam
Netflix
Rodney King
James Stewart
List of UFC events
R (programming language)
Human penis
Richard Wagner
Nick Jonas
Michael Phelps
Charles Barkley
Doctor Who (series 10)
Gisele B√ľndchen
Liberalism
Aluminium
John Wayne
Chinese New Year
Badminton
Rob Lowe
Ric Flair
Shraddha Kapoor
Neve Campbell
Daryl Hannah
Jenna Jameson
Apollo 13
Steven Avery
Aaron Carter
Grigor Dimitrov
Ozzy Osbourne
Ejaculation
France
Phil McGraw
Johnnie Cochran
Oona Chaplin
Serbian Despotate
UFC 211
Killer whale
Emilia Clarke
Sodium bicarbonate
Banksy
Joe Keery
2 Broke Girls
Jonestown
The Voice (U.S. season 12)
Kiefer Sutherland
2014 NBA draft
Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Judy Garland
Hedy Lamarr
Supernatural (season 12)
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Hinduism
Shaquille O'Neal
Taraji P. Henson
Terminal High Altitude Area Defense
Tamannaah
Independence Day: Resurgence
Spider-Man
List of EastEnders characters
Francis Ford Coppola
Giannis Antetokounmpo
Machine (2017 film)
Microsoft Windows
Emmanuel Macron
Ronald Reagan
PID controller
Great Britain
Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards
List of Family Guy episodes
Anthony Joshua
David Packouz
Rob Kardashian
Blink-182
Ludacris
12-hour clock
Indiana Jones (franchise)
André the Giant
The Middle (TV series)
List of best-selling albums
The Wolf of Wall Street (2013 film)
South Africa
Bohemian Rhapsody
Big Ben
Amber Heard
"Weird Al" Yankovic
Water pollution
Inception
The Five Love Languages
Gini coefficient
Assassination of John F. Kennedy
Mom (film)
Golmaal Again
David Arquette
Yugoslavia
List of most disliked YouTube videos
Gautama Buddha
Che Guevara
Albert, Prince Consort
Gianni Versace
List of Twin Peaks episodes
American Gods (TV series)
Benito Mussolini
Pierce Brosnan
Crazy Ex-Girlfriend (TV series)
Willie Nelson
Prince George of Cambridge
UFC 210
The Man in the High Castle (TV series)
Theresa May
Slovakia
Roy Moore
Larry Page
Botulism
Macaulay Culkin
Beijing
Mithali Raj
Macau
Carol Burnett
The Big Short (film)
Bhagat Singh
Selena Gomez
Manson Family
Annabelle (doll)
Debra Messing
Pound sterling
Easter Island
J. Edgar Hoover
Pope Francis
Gucci Mane
Jennifer Lopez
North Korea
One-Punch Man
ICC Champions Trophy
Kevin O'Leary
White House
L. Ron Hubbard
Faroe Islands
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
NATO
Megyn Kelly
Natalie Dormer
Annabelle (film)
Carole King
Toyota
It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia
Circulatory system
No Country for Old Men (film)
German Shepherd
Prabhas
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Chris Martin
Gerald's Game
Wedding anniversary
The Blacklist: Redemption
The 100 (TV series)
Alexandre Lacazette
FC Barcelona
Robin Gibb
NBA Most Valuable Player Award
Chris Jericho
Yuvraj Singh
Sidney Crosby
UFC 214
Thomas Edison
The Ranch (TV series)
The Sixth Sense
CM Punk
Apocalypse Now
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development