images links abstract
Wiki Code Copy Tips Home

Afghanistan

Afghanistan ( (listen); Pashto/Dari: افغانستان, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, ab-], Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located in South-Central Asia. Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan in the south and east; Iran in the west; Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan in the north; and in the far northeast, China. Much of its 652,000 square kilometers (252,000 sq mi) is covered by the Hindu Kush mountain range at the western end of the Himalayas, separating the Amu Darya and Indus valleys. Kabul is the capital and largest city.

Human habitation in Afghanistan dates back to the Middle Paleolithic Era, and the country's strategic location along the Silk Road connected it to the cultures of the Middle East and other parts of Asia. The land has historically been home to various peoples and has witnessed numerous military campaigns, including those by Alexander the Great, Mauryas, Muslim Arabs, Mongols, British, Soviets, and since 2001 by the United States with NATO-allied countries. It has been called "unconquerable" and nicknamed the "graveyard of empires," though it has been occupied during several different periods of its history. The land also served as the source from which the Kushans, Hephthalites, Samanids, Saffarids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Khaljis, Mughals, Hotaks, Durranis, and others have risen to form major empires.

The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the "Great Game" between British India and the Russian Empire. Its border with British India, the Durand Line, was formed in 1893 but it is not recognized by the Afghan government and it has led to strained relations with Pakistan since the latter's independence in 1947. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 the country was free of foreign influence, eventually becoming a monarchy under King Amanullah, until almost 50 years later when Zahir Shah was overthrown and a republic was established. In 1978, after a second coup Afghanistan first became a socialist state and then a Soviet Union protectorate. This evoked the Soviet–Afghan War in the 1980s against mujahideen rebels. By 1996 most of Afghanistan was captured by the Islamic fundamentalist group the Taliban, who ruled most of the country as a totalitarian regime for over five years. The Taliban were forcibly removed by the NATO-led coalition, and a new democratically-elected government political structure was formed, but they still control a significant portion of the country.

Afghanistan is a unitary presidential Islamic republic with a population of 31 million, mostly composed of ethnic Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks. The country continues to face severe problems, including Taliban insurgency, terrorism, poverty, child malnutrition, and corruption. Islam is the state religion of Afghanistan. It is a member of the United Nations, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Group of 77, the Economic Cooperation Organization, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Afghanistan's economy is the world's 108th largest, with a GDP of $64.08 billion; the country fares much worse in terms of per-capita GDP (PPP), ranking 167th out of 186 countries in a 2016 report from the International Monetary Fund.



Source: Afghanistan
Harry Styles
The Last Ship (TV series)
Ron Jeremy
Africa
Akbar
Quantico (TV series)
Cars (film)
Santa Claus's reindeer
Roger Federer
Tamil Nadu
Eddie Redmayne
Laura Haddock
Goa
Rajinikanth
Albania
Tibet
List of The Vampire Diaries episodes
James Rodríguez
Alibaba Group
The Big Bang Theory (season 10)
All Eyez on Me (film)
Herpes simplex
Vanna White
Fidel Castro
Scott Eastwood
Mike Myers
Cryptocurrency
Mia Goth
Star Wars: The Last Jedi
Maggie Q
Wiki
Gilberto Rodríguez Orejuela
Pornographic film actor
Taliban
Video game
Anna Faris
List of longest-running scripted U.S. primetime television series
Ford Mustang
Bill O'Reilly (political commentator)
Finn Bálor
Galileo Galilei
Bright (film)
Computer
Noel Gallagher
John Locke
Hinduism
Adele
Ayn Rand
Goods and Services Tax (India)
Charo
Cate Blanchett
Roald Dahl
World Series
Melania Knauss
Inferno (Dante)
Jackfruit
PewDiePie
Dancing with the Stars (U.S. season 24)
Alan Turing
Robert Lewandowski
Kid Rock
Oxygen
List of trigonometric identities
Anthony Hopkins
The Lord of the Rings
Black Mirror
Slovenia
Yolanda Saldívar
Ana de Armas
Laos
Bloodline (TV series)
Serial killer
Patrick Stewart
Elijah Blue Allman
Opinion polling for the French presidential election, 2017
George Orwell
Power Rangers (film)
Richard Gere
Eddie Fisher (singer)
Matthew McConaughey
Man of Steel (film)
Mary Tyler Moore
R. Kelly
Liverpool F.C.
UFC 210
Kaatru Veliyidai
Yahoo!
Xi Jinping
James McAvoy
Richard Dreyfuss
Blade Runner 2049
French Montana
Interstellar (film)
Zeus
2016 NFL Draft
Methamphetamine
Hindi Medium (film)
Stephen Hawking
Wi-Fi
Salman Khan
Elijah Wood
Samuel L. Jackson
Tina Fey
Solar eclipse
Bad Credit
Joe Manganiello
Saw (franchise)
List of Hallmark Channel Original Movies
Tara Palmer-Tomkinson
Bangalore
Succession to the British throne
Suriya
Dzhokhar Tsarnaev
King Arthur: Legend of the Sword
Circulatory system
List of English monarchs
The Circle (2017 film)
Sebastián Marroquín
Scoville scale
Kalief Browder
Colton Haynes
James Earl Jones
List of films considered the worst
Bhutan
Nick Offerman
Amanda Seyfried
Hoda Kotb
Agile software development
Super Bowl
Martin Luther
Ludwig van Beethoven
Juventus F.C.
Shailene Woodley
Scandal (season 6)
Bipolar disorder
Aristotle
Avril Lavigne
Shilpa Shinde
Curaçao
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Madhuri Dixit
Mahesh Babu
Normandy landings
Bangladesh
Detroit
Uganda
Will Arnett
Tardigrade
Star Trek: The Next Generation
Alexis Bledel
White House
Injustice 2
Stanford University
Carole King
Lindsey Stirling
List of Stanley Cup champions
Vince Carter
List of Nintendo Switch games
LaMelo Ball
Jean Grey
Ultimate Fighting Championship
Shraddha Kapoor
Manchester by the Sea (film)
Tamannaah
Akon
Academy Award for Best Actor
Necrophilia
Colin Kaepernick
Porno (novel)
Saint Kitts and Nevis
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami
Nathan Fillion
Anonymous (group)
Cali Cartel
Gerard Piqué
List of countries by life expectancy
Bob Dylan
Frankenstein
Karl Marx
Human Development Index
Running Man (TV series)
Betty White
The Miz
European Union
House (TV series)
Sebastian Stan
Jhené Aiko
Frontier (2016 TV series)
Apartheid
Timothy McVeigh
Jason Sudeikis
Bob Barker
Robin Williams
Olivia de Havilland
George Washington
Jainism
The Wire
Sebastian Gorka
Jada Pinkett Smith
Patrick Dempsey
TIPS: To create new content for your website or blog...
  1. Enter the title of a Wikipedia article in the box above.
  2. Select your options using the checkboxes, or use default settings.
  3. Click the 'go' button to retrieve the article.
  4. Click the 'Copy Code' button to copy the source code of the article to your clipboard.
  5. Paste the source code into your favorite HTML editor.
  6. Edit the content to suit your needs.
  7. Publish your new content to your website or blog.
  8. IMPORTANT: Before publishing, be sure to make significant changes to avoid creating duplicate content.
buy this site
Custom Website Development